Phenology of gonystylus bancanus in pahang, peninsular Malaysia

P. Ismail, Mohd. Nizam Mohd. Said, A. Latiff, I. Faridah Hanum, I. Shamsudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study on the phenology of Gonystylus bancanus (ramin melawis) was conducted in Pekan Forest Reserve, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia, which covers areas of virgin and logged-over forests. Observations revealed that the flowering of G. bancanus was supra-annual. The smallest G. bancanus tree to flower was 29 cm in diameter at breast height (dbh) and was located in a logged-over site. Most trees that flowered had larger dbh of more than 40 cm and were found in logged-over and virgin forests. A total of 71-86 days was recorded for full development from the budding stage to mature fruit formation. The budding phase was quite long, extending for more than a month. However, it took only about two weeks for the flowers to become fruits. The flowers of G. bancanus were pollinated by thrips (Heterothripts sp.) and stingless bees (Trigona canifrons and T. laeviceps), while aphids (Aphis sp.), Prevost's squirrels (Callosciurus prevostii) and plantain squirrels (C. notatus) were identified as predators of G. bancanus flowers and fruits. Gonystylus bancanus seeds were mainly dispersed by gravity but the Malayan flying fox (Pteropus vampyrus) was also observed to disperse the fruits. Other fruit bats, namely, Cynopterus sphinx, Megaerops ecaudatus and Penthetor lucasi were also identified as potential seed dispersal agents of G. bancanus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-151
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Tropical Forest Science
Volume23
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Gonystylus
phenology
Malaysia
fruit
flower
fruits
flowers
squirrels
tree and stand measurements
Callosciurus
Cynopterus
Aphis (Aphididae)
Sphinx
Pteropus
Pteropodidae
Trigona
plantains (fruit)
stingless bees
thrips
forest reserves

Keywords

  • Flowering
  • Fruiting
  • Pekan Forest Reserve
  • Pollinators
  • Predators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry

Cite this

Ismail, P., Mohd. Said, M. N., Latiff, A., Hanum, I. F., & Shamsudin, I. (2011). Phenology of gonystylus bancanus in pahang, peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 23(2), 143-151.

Phenology of gonystylus bancanus in pahang, peninsular Malaysia. / Ismail, P.; Mohd. Said, Mohd. Nizam; Latiff, A.; Hanum, I. Faridah; Shamsudin, I.

In: Journal of Tropical Forest Science, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2011, p. 143-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ismail, P, Mohd. Said, MN, Latiff, A, Hanum, IF & Shamsudin, I 2011, 'Phenology of gonystylus bancanus in pahang, peninsular Malaysia', Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 143-151.
Ismail, P. ; Mohd. Said, Mohd. Nizam ; Latiff, A. ; Hanum, I. Faridah ; Shamsudin, I. / Phenology of gonystylus bancanus in pahang, peninsular Malaysia. In: Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 2011 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 143-151.
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