Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits

79 Members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

411 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Personality profiles of cultures can be operationalized as the mean trait levels of culture members. College students from 51 cultures rated an individual from their country whom they knew well (N = 12,156). Aggregate scores on Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) scales generalized across age and sex groups, approximated the individual-level 5-factor model, and correlated with aggregate self-report personality scores and other culture-level variables. Results were not attributable to national differences in economic development or to acquiescence. Geographical differences in scale variances and mean levels were replicated, with Europeans and Americans generally scoring higher in Extraversion than Asians and Africans. Findings support the rough scalar equivalence of NEO-PI-R factors and facets across cultures and suggest that aggregate personality profiles provide insight into cultural differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-425
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2005

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personality traits
Personality
Personality Inventory
personality
Economic Development
Self Report
Age Groups
Students
equivalence
cultural difference
economics
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student

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural
  • Culture-level analyses
  • Five-factor model
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Personality profiles of cultures : Aggregate personality traits. / 79 Members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 89, No. 3, 01.09.2005, p. 407-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project 2005, 'Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 407-425. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.89.3.407
79 Members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project. / Personality profiles of cultures : Aggregate personality traits. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2005 ; Vol. 89, No. 3. pp. 407-425.
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