Personal values and entrepreneurial orientations in Malay entrepreneurs in Malaysia

Mediating role of self-efficacy

Syed Shah Alam Syed Shah Alam, Rohani Mohd, Badrul Hisham Kamaruddin, Noor Gani Mohd Nor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss how personal values and internal motivation interact to influence entrepreneurial orientations. Personal values and internal motivation are among personal characteristics that have an impact on entrepreneurial orientation. However, these two personal variables are studied in isolation; therefore, how these two interact to influence entrepreneurial orientation is not yet fully understood. Design/methodology/approach – This study comprised a sample of Malay-owned small and medium enterprises (SMEs) located in the Klang Valley in Malaysia. A cross-sectional research design was used to examine the relationships between personal values, self-efficacy motivation and entrepreneurial orientation among small-scale Malay SMEs. To focus on SMEs, lists were sought from the Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA). Malay was chosen for this study because Malaysia has a majority of the Malay population compared to other races. Data were gathered based on mailed and personally administered questionnaires. Findings – The findings indicate that self-efficacy of Malay SMEs in the Shah Alam area acted as a mediator in the relationship between personal values and entrepreneurial orientation. Malay SMEs were found to have high self-efficacy and entrepreneurial orientation. Practical implications – An important implication of this research is that the interesting findings provide some insight to management consultants for focusing on improving the self-efficacy of Malay SMEs, in their training, as this would improve their entrepreneurial orientations. Originality/value – The findings are original and unique and are based on established theories from the literature on Malay-based SMEs in Malaysia. The results are based on a sample of Malay-owned SMEs in the Klang Valley in Malaysia. The research findings are useful to academics and policymakers interested in fostering SMEs in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-401
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Commerce and Management
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2015

Fingerprint

Entrepreneurs
Personal values
Self-efficacy
Value orientations
Entrepreneurial orientation
Malaysia
Small and medium-sized enterprises
Isolation
Personal characteristics
Politicians
Mediator
Research design
Management consultants
Design methodology
Questionnaire

Keywords

  • Entrepreneurial orientation
  • Malay SMEs
  • Personal values
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

Personal values and entrepreneurial orientations in Malay entrepreneurs in Malaysia : Mediating role of self-efficacy. / Syed Shah Alam, Syed Shah Alam; Mohd, Rohani; Kamaruddin, Badrul Hisham; Nor, Noor Gani Mohd.

In: International Journal of Commerce and Management, Vol. 25, No. 4, 02.11.2015, p. 385-401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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