Periodontal disease and oral health-related quality of life

Victor Goh, Dipti Nihalani, W. Keung Leung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease initiated by mixed opportunistic bacterial pathogens in the dental plaque biofilm. In the susceptible patient, advancing periodontal disease often leads to loss of supporting soft and hard tissues around a tooth. Due to the nature and progression of the disease, methods of characterizing periodontal disease have often been based on clinical parameters such as probing pockets depths, clinical attachment levels, bleeding on probing, mobility scores and gingival recession. Unfortunately, such parameters show no indication of how the disease affects the patients themselves. Of recent years, patient centered assessments such as Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) are increasingly appreciated and being applied. Such measures incorporate the functional, psychological and social consequences of oral conditions for the individual, and not merely signs and symptoms of the disease itself. This chapter will review the effects of periodontal disease and its treatment on OHRQoL. Patients often report functional limitation, physical pain and psychological disability associated with the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease. Such effects on OHRQoL have been shown to diminish with proper treatment. Furthermore, recent studies have also shown that the complications or outcome of different treatment strategies have, to varying degrees, an effect on patients daily life. These complications such as tooth loss, recession and pain are closely related and interplay to affect the patient's OHRQoL.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOral Health: Anesthetic Management, Social Determinants, Role of Nutrition and Impact on Quality of Life
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages1-32
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781634828628
ISBN (Print)9781634828321
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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Oral Health
Periodontal Diseases
Quality of Life
Signs and Symptoms
Gingival Recession
Psychology
Tooth Loss
Pain
Dental Plaque
Biofilms
Disease Progression
Tooth
Hemorrhage
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Periodontitis
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Goh, V., Nihalani, D., & Leung, W. K. (2015). Periodontal disease and oral health-related quality of life. In Oral Health: Anesthetic Management, Social Determinants, Role of Nutrition and Impact on Quality of Life (pp. 1-32). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Periodontal disease and oral health-related quality of life. / Goh, Victor; Nihalani, Dipti; Leung, W. Keung.

Oral Health: Anesthetic Management, Social Determinants, Role of Nutrition and Impact on Quality of Life. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2015. p. 1-32.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Goh, V, Nihalani, D & Leung, WK 2015, Periodontal disease and oral health-related quality of life. in Oral Health: Anesthetic Management, Social Determinants, Role of Nutrition and Impact on Quality of Life. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 1-32.
Goh V, Nihalani D, Leung WK. Periodontal disease and oral health-related quality of life. In Oral Health: Anesthetic Management, Social Determinants, Role of Nutrition and Impact on Quality of Life. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2015. p. 1-32
Goh, Victor ; Nihalani, Dipti ; Leung, W. Keung. / Periodontal disease and oral health-related quality of life. Oral Health: Anesthetic Management, Social Determinants, Role of Nutrition and Impact on Quality of Life. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2015. pp. 1-32
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