Perinatal events and motor performance of children born with ELBW and nondisabled

Asfarina Zanudin, Yvonne Burns, Peter H. Gray, Marcella Danks, Leith Poulsen, Pauline Watter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To explore the relationship between perinatal variables and motor performance in children who were born with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) and were nondisabled at 1 and 4 years. Methods: Children without neurological or cognitive impairment (n = 48) born weighing less than 1000 g between 1992 and 1994 were assessed at 1 and 4 years corrected age using the Neurosensory Motor Developmental Assessment (NSMDA). Scores were used to categorize motor performance as normal or abnormal. Results: Chronic lung disease (CLD) of prematurity, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and patent ductus arteriosus were associated with NSMDA category at 1 year. Chronic lung disease, male gender, and NEC were associated with NSMDA category at 4 years. Multiple regression analyses revealed that CLD and NEC were independently associated with abnormal motor outcomes at 1 year. Conclusions: Early assessment and motor therapy is recommended for infants with CLD, because of its effect on motor performance in this otherwise healthy group of children born with ELBW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Physical Therapy
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Low Birth Weight Infant
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Lung Diseases
Chronic Disease
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Regression Analysis
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • brain/growth and development
  • bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • child
  • child development/physiology
  • extremely low birth weight infant/growth and development
  • female
  • follow-up study
  • human
  • male
  • necrotizing enterocolitis
  • newborn infant
  • outcome assessment
  • patent ductus arteriosus
  • premature infant
  • psychomotor performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Perinatal events and motor performance of children born with ELBW and nondisabled. / Zanudin, Asfarina; Burns, Yvonne; Gray, Peter H.; Danks, Marcella; Poulsen, Leith; Watter, Pauline.

In: Pediatric Physical Therapy, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2013, p. 30-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zanudin, Asfarina ; Burns, Yvonne ; Gray, Peter H. ; Danks, Marcella ; Poulsen, Leith ; Watter, Pauline. / Perinatal events and motor performance of children born with ELBW and nondisabled. In: Pediatric Physical Therapy. 2013 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 30-35.
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