Performance of titanium–nickel (Ti/Ni) and graphite felt-nickel (GF/Ni) electrodeposited by Ni as alternative cathodes for microbial fuel cells

Ibdal Satar, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Byung Hong Kim, Mahendra Rao Somalu, Mostafa Ghasemi, Mimi Hani Abu Bakar, Tahereh Jafary, Timmiati Sharifah Najiha

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrodes are important components of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs), such as the microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The low-cost cathodes of titanium–nickel (Ti/Ni) and graphite felt-nickel (GF/Ni) are important to be evaluated as cathodes for MFCs. In this study, Ni particles are deposited onto the Ti and GF surface using a simple and low-cost electrodeposition technique. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to analyse the cathode surfaces. The electrodeposition of Ni onto GF appears more uniform without significant agglomeration compared with that onto Ti. This uniform deposition is perhaps the reason for a higher maximum power density (Pmax), lower internal resistance (Rin) and higher Columbic efficiency (CE) for MFC with GF/Ni cathode (113.4 ± 0.6 mW/m2, 1264.4 Ω and 29.6%, respectively) than those measured with Ti/Ni cathode (110.7 ± 8.0 mW/m2, 3375.8 Ω and 23.7%, respectively). However, the performance of these cathodes remains lower compared with the GF/Pt cathode (140.0 mW/m2, 845.7 Ω and 42.0%, respectively). Based on the preparation technique, material cost and performance, both Ti/Ni and GF/Ni cathodes can be considered as alternative to Pt catalyst for MFC application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
Graphite
Nickel
Cathodes
Electrodeposition
Costs
Agglomeration
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy
Electrodes
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Catalytic performance
  • Cathode
  • Electrodeposition technique
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Nickel catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{48bd7214e8f749aa8edeac382987103a,
title = "Performance of titanium–nickel (Ti/Ni) and graphite felt-nickel (GF/Ni) electrodeposited by Ni as alternative cathodes for microbial fuel cells",
abstract = "Electrodes are important components of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs), such as the microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The low-cost cathodes of titanium–nickel (Ti/Ni) and graphite felt-nickel (GF/Ni) are important to be evaluated as cathodes for MFCs. In this study, Ni particles are deposited onto the Ti and GF surface using a simple and low-cost electrodeposition technique. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to analyse the cathode surfaces. The electrodeposition of Ni onto GF appears more uniform without significant agglomeration compared with that onto Ti. This uniform deposition is perhaps the reason for a higher maximum power density (Pmax), lower internal resistance (Rin) and higher Columbic efficiency (CE) for MFC with GF/Ni cathode (113.4 ± 0.6 mW/m2, 1264.4 Ω and 29.6{\%}, respectively) than those measured with Ti/Ni cathode (110.7 ± 8.0 mW/m2, 3375.8 Ω and 23.7{\%}, respectively). However, the performance of these cathodes remains lower compared with the GF/Pt cathode (140.0 mW/m2, 845.7 Ω and 42.0{\%}, respectively). Based on the preparation technique, material cost and performance, both Ti/Ni and GF/Ni cathodes can be considered as alternative to Pt catalyst for MFC application.",
keywords = "Catalytic performance, Cathode, Electrodeposition technique, Microbial fuel cell, Nickel catalyst",
author = "Ibdal Satar and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli} and Kim, {Byung Hong} and Somalu, {Mahendra Rao} and Mostafa Ghasemi and {Abu Bakar}, {Mimi Hani} and Tahereh Jafary and {Sharifah Najiha}, Timmiati",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jtice.2018.04.010",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "67--76",
journal = "Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers",
issn = "1876-1070",
publisher = "Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of titanium–nickel (Ti/Ni) and graphite felt-nickel (GF/Ni) electrodeposited by Ni as alternative cathodes for microbial fuel cells

AU - Satar, Ibdal

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

AU - Kim, Byung Hong

AU - Somalu, Mahendra Rao

AU - Ghasemi, Mostafa

AU - Abu Bakar, Mimi Hani

AU - Jafary, Tahereh

AU - Sharifah Najiha, Timmiati

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - Electrodes are important components of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs), such as the microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The low-cost cathodes of titanium–nickel (Ti/Ni) and graphite felt-nickel (GF/Ni) are important to be evaluated as cathodes for MFCs. In this study, Ni particles are deposited onto the Ti and GF surface using a simple and low-cost electrodeposition technique. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to analyse the cathode surfaces. The electrodeposition of Ni onto GF appears more uniform without significant agglomeration compared with that onto Ti. This uniform deposition is perhaps the reason for a higher maximum power density (Pmax), lower internal resistance (Rin) and higher Columbic efficiency (CE) for MFC with GF/Ni cathode (113.4 ± 0.6 mW/m2, 1264.4 Ω and 29.6%, respectively) than those measured with Ti/Ni cathode (110.7 ± 8.0 mW/m2, 3375.8 Ω and 23.7%, respectively). However, the performance of these cathodes remains lower compared with the GF/Pt cathode (140.0 mW/m2, 845.7 Ω and 42.0%, respectively). Based on the preparation technique, material cost and performance, both Ti/Ni and GF/Ni cathodes can be considered as alternative to Pt catalyst for MFC application.

AB - Electrodes are important components of bioelectrochemical systems (BESs), such as the microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The low-cost cathodes of titanium–nickel (Ti/Ni) and graphite felt-nickel (GF/Ni) are important to be evaluated as cathodes for MFCs. In this study, Ni particles are deposited onto the Ti and GF surface using a simple and low-cost electrodeposition technique. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to analyse the cathode surfaces. The electrodeposition of Ni onto GF appears more uniform without significant agglomeration compared with that onto Ti. This uniform deposition is perhaps the reason for a higher maximum power density (Pmax), lower internal resistance (Rin) and higher Columbic efficiency (CE) for MFC with GF/Ni cathode (113.4 ± 0.6 mW/m2, 1264.4 Ω and 29.6%, respectively) than those measured with Ti/Ni cathode (110.7 ± 8.0 mW/m2, 3375.8 Ω and 23.7%, respectively). However, the performance of these cathodes remains lower compared with the GF/Pt cathode (140.0 mW/m2, 845.7 Ω and 42.0%, respectively). Based on the preparation technique, material cost and performance, both Ti/Ni and GF/Ni cathodes can be considered as alternative to Pt catalyst for MFC application.

KW - Catalytic performance

KW - Cathode

KW - Electrodeposition technique

KW - Microbial fuel cell

KW - Nickel catalyst

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jtice.2018.04.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jtice.2018.04.010

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JO - Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers

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SN - 1876-1070

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