Performance of rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber composites

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber (RWF-TPNR) composites were prepared and evaluated in this study. The RWFs were supplied in the form of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) from the Hume Fiberbord Company in Malaysia. The fibers were screened to 0.5-1 mm sizes and blended with TPNR and maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAPP) as a compatibilizer in the internal mixer of Brabender Plasticorder machine. The mechanical, thermal properties and morphology of the composites were investigated by tensile, impact, flexural, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that the tensile strenght and Young's modulus increased, while tensile strain and impact strength decreased with increasing of fiber loading. Thermogravimetric analysis showed an increasing degradation temperature of the samples with RWF. On the other hand, SEM micrographs showed good adherence between fibers and matrix with the presence of MAPP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-152
Number of pages14
JournalPolymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2003

Fingerprint

Rubber
Thermoplastics
Maleic Anhydrides
Fibers
Polypropylenes
Composite materials
Maleic anhydride
Thermogravimetric analysis
Electron microscopes
Elastic moduli
Thermomechanical pulp
Scanning
Compatibilizers
Tensile strain
Impact strength
Differential scanning calorimetry
Thermodynamic properties
Degradation
Industry
Temperature

Keywords

  • Composite
  • MAPP
  • Mechanical properties
  • Rubberwood fiber
  • TPNR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Performance of rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber composites. / Sameni, J. K.; Ahmad, Sahrim; Zakaria, Sarani.

In: Polymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering, Vol. 42, No. 1, 02.2003, p. 139-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c11dccd280534391a5f2ab536e83b9ca,
title = "Performance of rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber composites",
abstract = "Rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber (RWF-TPNR) composites were prepared and evaluated in this study. The RWFs were supplied in the form of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) from the Hume Fiberbord Company in Malaysia. The fibers were screened to 0.5-1 mm sizes and blended with TPNR and maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAPP) as a compatibilizer in the internal mixer of Brabender Plasticorder machine. The mechanical, thermal properties and morphology of the composites were investigated by tensile, impact, flexural, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that the tensile strenght and Young's modulus increased, while tensile strain and impact strength decreased with increasing of fiber loading. Thermogravimetric analysis showed an increasing degradation temperature of the samples with RWF. On the other hand, SEM micrographs showed good adherence between fibers and matrix with the presence of MAPP.",
keywords = "Composite, MAPP, Mechanical properties, Rubberwood fiber, TPNR",
author = "Sameni, {J. K.} and Sahrim Ahmad and Sarani Zakaria",
year = "2003",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1081/PPT-120016340",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "139--152",
journal = "Polymer-Plastics Technology and Materials",
issn = "2574-0881",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber composites

AU - Sameni, J. K.

AU - Ahmad, Sahrim

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

PY - 2003/2

Y1 - 2003/2

N2 - Rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber (RWF-TPNR) composites were prepared and evaluated in this study. The RWFs were supplied in the form of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) from the Hume Fiberbord Company in Malaysia. The fibers were screened to 0.5-1 mm sizes and blended with TPNR and maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAPP) as a compatibilizer in the internal mixer of Brabender Plasticorder machine. The mechanical, thermal properties and morphology of the composites were investigated by tensile, impact, flexural, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that the tensile strenght and Young's modulus increased, while tensile strain and impact strength decreased with increasing of fiber loading. Thermogravimetric analysis showed an increasing degradation temperature of the samples with RWF. On the other hand, SEM micrographs showed good adherence between fibers and matrix with the presence of MAPP.

AB - Rubberwood fiber-thermoplastic natural rubber (RWF-TPNR) composites were prepared and evaluated in this study. The RWFs were supplied in the form of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) from the Hume Fiberbord Company in Malaysia. The fibers were screened to 0.5-1 mm sizes and blended with TPNR and maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAPP) as a compatibilizer in the internal mixer of Brabender Plasticorder machine. The mechanical, thermal properties and morphology of the composites were investigated by tensile, impact, flexural, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that the tensile strenght and Young's modulus increased, while tensile strain and impact strength decreased with increasing of fiber loading. Thermogravimetric analysis showed an increasing degradation temperature of the samples with RWF. On the other hand, SEM micrographs showed good adherence between fibers and matrix with the presence of MAPP.

KW - Composite

KW - MAPP

KW - Mechanical properties

KW - Rubberwood fiber

KW - TPNR

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037308220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037308220&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1081/PPT-120016340

DO - 10.1081/PPT-120016340

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0037308220

VL - 42

SP - 139

EP - 152

JO - Polymer-Plastics Technology and Materials

JF - Polymer-Plastics Technology and Materials

SN - 2574-0881

IS - 1

ER -