Performance of oil palm frond gasification using medium-scale downdraft gasification for electricity generation

Muhammad Afif Ariffin, Wan Mohd Faizal Wan Mahmood, Ramizi Mohamed, Mohd Tusirin Mohd Nor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper focuses on the performance of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) gasification, using a medium-scale downdraft gasification system with a reactor capacity of 500 kg of feedstock. The gasification process was carried out at standard operating conditions, with a feed rate of 158 kg/h and a reactor temperature range of 700-800°C. The performance of OPF gasification was evaluated by monitoring the composition of syngas components, the calorific value of the syngas, the syngas flow rate, and the gasification cold gas efficiency. The results show that the OPF gasification performance improves when the reactor temperature is increased. The syngas calorific value, syngas flow rate and gasification cold gas efficiency are in the range of 4.49-5.15 MJ/Nm3, 207-311 m3/hour, and 37-65% respectively. In terms of the syngas composition, CO, H2, CH4, and CO2, are in the ranges 16.29-17.62%, 10.56-10.83%, 5.96-7.40%, and 17.96-18.35% respectively. The best syngas characteristics were obtained at the highest temperature of 770°C. At this temperature and feed rate, and using typical gas engine with 30% efficiency, the electricity that can be generated is calculated to be 136 kWe. Due to its favourable performance, OPF gasification with this scale is a promising process for renewable power generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-235
Number of pages8
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Gasification
Electricity
Calorific value
Flow rate
Temperature
Gas engines
Chemical analysis
Gases
Feedstocks
Power generation
Monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Performance of oil palm frond gasification using medium-scale downdraft gasification for electricity generation. / Ariffin, Muhammad Afif; Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal; Mohamed, Ramizi; Mohd Nor, Mohd Tusirin.

In: IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.04.2015, p. 228-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ecf62900f07045b39ba80242e8541737,
title = "Performance of oil palm frond gasification using medium-scale downdraft gasification for electricity generation",
abstract = "This paper focuses on the performance of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) gasification, using a medium-scale downdraft gasification system with a reactor capacity of 500 kg of feedstock. The gasification process was carried out at standard operating conditions, with a feed rate of 158 kg/h and a reactor temperature range of 700-800°C. The performance of OPF gasification was evaluated by monitoring the composition of syngas components, the calorific value of the syngas, the syngas flow rate, and the gasification cold gas efficiency. The results show that the OPF gasification performance improves when the reactor temperature is increased. The syngas calorific value, syngas flow rate and gasification cold gas efficiency are in the range of 4.49-5.15 MJ/Nm3, 207-311 m3/hour, and 37-65{\%} respectively. In terms of the syngas composition, CO, H2, CH4, and CO2, are in the ranges 16.29-17.62{\%}, 10.56-10.83{\%}, 5.96-7.40{\%}, and 17.96-18.35{\%} respectively. The best syngas characteristics were obtained at the highest temperature of 770°C. At this temperature and feed rate, and using typical gas engine with 30{\%} efficiency, the electricity that can be generated is calculated to be 136 kWe. Due to its favourable performance, OPF gasification with this scale is a promising process for renewable power generation.",
author = "Ariffin, {Muhammad Afif} and {Wan Mahmood}, {Wan Mohd Faizal} and Ramizi Mohamed and {Mohd Nor}, {Mohd Tusirin}",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1049/iet-rpg.2014.0133",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "228--235",
journal = "IET Renewable Power Generation",
issn = "1752-1416",
publisher = "Institution of Engineering and Technology",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of oil palm frond gasification using medium-scale downdraft gasification for electricity generation

AU - Ariffin, Muhammad Afif

AU - Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal

AU - Mohamed, Ramizi

AU - Mohd Nor, Mohd Tusirin

PY - 2015/4/1

Y1 - 2015/4/1

N2 - This paper focuses on the performance of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) gasification, using a medium-scale downdraft gasification system with a reactor capacity of 500 kg of feedstock. The gasification process was carried out at standard operating conditions, with a feed rate of 158 kg/h and a reactor temperature range of 700-800°C. The performance of OPF gasification was evaluated by monitoring the composition of syngas components, the calorific value of the syngas, the syngas flow rate, and the gasification cold gas efficiency. The results show that the OPF gasification performance improves when the reactor temperature is increased. The syngas calorific value, syngas flow rate and gasification cold gas efficiency are in the range of 4.49-5.15 MJ/Nm3, 207-311 m3/hour, and 37-65% respectively. In terms of the syngas composition, CO, H2, CH4, and CO2, are in the ranges 16.29-17.62%, 10.56-10.83%, 5.96-7.40%, and 17.96-18.35% respectively. The best syngas characteristics were obtained at the highest temperature of 770°C. At this temperature and feed rate, and using typical gas engine with 30% efficiency, the electricity that can be generated is calculated to be 136 kWe. Due to its favourable performance, OPF gasification with this scale is a promising process for renewable power generation.

AB - This paper focuses on the performance of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) gasification, using a medium-scale downdraft gasification system with a reactor capacity of 500 kg of feedstock. The gasification process was carried out at standard operating conditions, with a feed rate of 158 kg/h and a reactor temperature range of 700-800°C. The performance of OPF gasification was evaluated by monitoring the composition of syngas components, the calorific value of the syngas, the syngas flow rate, and the gasification cold gas efficiency. The results show that the OPF gasification performance improves when the reactor temperature is increased. The syngas calorific value, syngas flow rate and gasification cold gas efficiency are in the range of 4.49-5.15 MJ/Nm3, 207-311 m3/hour, and 37-65% respectively. In terms of the syngas composition, CO, H2, CH4, and CO2, are in the ranges 16.29-17.62%, 10.56-10.83%, 5.96-7.40%, and 17.96-18.35% respectively. The best syngas characteristics were obtained at the highest temperature of 770°C. At this temperature and feed rate, and using typical gas engine with 30% efficiency, the electricity that can be generated is calculated to be 136 kWe. Due to its favourable performance, OPF gasification with this scale is a promising process for renewable power generation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926508286&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84926508286&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1049/iet-rpg.2014.0133

DO - 10.1049/iet-rpg.2014.0133

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 228

EP - 235

JO - IET Renewable Power Generation

JF - IET Renewable Power Generation

SN - 1752-1416

IS - 3

ER -