Performance of continuous pilot subsurface constructed wetland using Scirpus grossus for removal of COD, colour and suspended solid in recycled pulp and paper effluent

Muhamad Farhan Md Yusoff, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Hassimi Abu Hasan, Janor Hawati, Habibah Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulp and paper mill industry is already known as an extensive water user and hence produces large volume of wastewater. Phytoremediation has merits to offer due to its environmentally friendly, relatively low cost and easy maintenance. This work focused on the performance of a continuous pilot subsurface flow (SSF) system of constructed wetlands in removing chemical oxygen demand (COD) representing organic carbon, colour and suspended solids from recycled pulp and paper mill under 5-day hydraulic retention time (HRT) for 95 days. In this study, there were two tanks based on the SSF system; one tank planted with Malaysian native bulrush (Scirpus grossus) and another tank without plants acting as a control. It was found that the SSF system with S. grossus was much better compared to the SSF control. Throughout the 95-day exposure, the planted SSF system have achieved removals of 66.1, 55.8 and 87.2% for COD, colour and suspended solid (SS), respectively. However, the control SSF system without plants has lower performance for all the three parameters (62.4% COD, 44.4% colour and 84.8% SS), giving evidence that constructed wetlands is an efficient technology to phytoremediate COD, colour and SS from recycled pulp and paper effluent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-352
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Technology and Innovation
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Scirpus
subsurface flow
constructed wetlands
chemical oxygen demand
constructed wetland
pulp
effluents
effluent
color
pulp and paper mills
mill
flow control
phytoremediation
wastewater
removal
fluid mechanics
organic carbon
industry
hydraulics
carbon

Keywords

  • Constructed wetlands
  • Phytoremediation
  • Recycled pulp and paper industry
  • Scirpus grossus
  • Subsurface flow (SSF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

@article{0e23fe6ca866456999ec53463a55ddf2,
title = "Performance of continuous pilot subsurface constructed wetland using Scirpus grossus for removal of COD, colour and suspended solid in recycled pulp and paper effluent",
abstract = "Pulp and paper mill industry is already known as an extensive water user and hence produces large volume of wastewater. Phytoremediation has merits to offer due to its environmentally friendly, relatively low cost and easy maintenance. This work focused on the performance of a continuous pilot subsurface flow (SSF) system of constructed wetlands in removing chemical oxygen demand (COD) representing organic carbon, colour and suspended solids from recycled pulp and paper mill under 5-day hydraulic retention time (HRT) for 95 days. In this study, there were two tanks based on the SSF system; one tank planted with Malaysian native bulrush (Scirpus grossus) and another tank without plants acting as a control. It was found that the SSF system with S. grossus was much better compared to the SSF control. Throughout the 95-day exposure, the planted SSF system have achieved removals of 66.1, 55.8 and 87.2{\%} for COD, colour and suspended solid (SS), respectively. However, the control SSF system without plants has lower performance for all the three parameters (62.4{\%} COD, 44.4{\%} colour and 84.8{\%} SS), giving evidence that constructed wetlands is an efficient technology to phytoremediate COD, colour and SS from recycled pulp and paper effluent.",
keywords = "Constructed wetlands, Phytoremediation, Recycled pulp and paper industry, Scirpus grossus, Subsurface flow (SSF)",
author = "{Md Yusoff}, {Muhamad Farhan} and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah} and {Abu Hasan}, Hassimi and Janor Hawati and Habibah Ahmad",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.eti.2018.12.008",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "346--352",
journal = "Environmental Technology and Innovation",
issn = "2352-1864",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of continuous pilot subsurface constructed wetland using Scirpus grossus for removal of COD, colour and suspended solid in recycled pulp and paper effluent

AU - Md Yusoff, Muhamad Farhan

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

AU - Abu Hasan, Hassimi

AU - Hawati, Janor

AU - Ahmad, Habibah

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Pulp and paper mill industry is already known as an extensive water user and hence produces large volume of wastewater. Phytoremediation has merits to offer due to its environmentally friendly, relatively low cost and easy maintenance. This work focused on the performance of a continuous pilot subsurface flow (SSF) system of constructed wetlands in removing chemical oxygen demand (COD) representing organic carbon, colour and suspended solids from recycled pulp and paper mill under 5-day hydraulic retention time (HRT) for 95 days. In this study, there were two tanks based on the SSF system; one tank planted with Malaysian native bulrush (Scirpus grossus) and another tank without plants acting as a control. It was found that the SSF system with S. grossus was much better compared to the SSF control. Throughout the 95-day exposure, the planted SSF system have achieved removals of 66.1, 55.8 and 87.2% for COD, colour and suspended solid (SS), respectively. However, the control SSF system without plants has lower performance for all the three parameters (62.4% COD, 44.4% colour and 84.8% SS), giving evidence that constructed wetlands is an efficient technology to phytoremediate COD, colour and SS from recycled pulp and paper effluent.

AB - Pulp and paper mill industry is already known as an extensive water user and hence produces large volume of wastewater. Phytoremediation has merits to offer due to its environmentally friendly, relatively low cost and easy maintenance. This work focused on the performance of a continuous pilot subsurface flow (SSF) system of constructed wetlands in removing chemical oxygen demand (COD) representing organic carbon, colour and suspended solids from recycled pulp and paper mill under 5-day hydraulic retention time (HRT) for 95 days. In this study, there were two tanks based on the SSF system; one tank planted with Malaysian native bulrush (Scirpus grossus) and another tank without plants acting as a control. It was found that the SSF system with S. grossus was much better compared to the SSF control. Throughout the 95-day exposure, the planted SSF system have achieved removals of 66.1, 55.8 and 87.2% for COD, colour and suspended solid (SS), respectively. However, the control SSF system without plants has lower performance for all the three parameters (62.4% COD, 44.4% colour and 84.8% SS), giving evidence that constructed wetlands is an efficient technology to phytoremediate COD, colour and SS from recycled pulp and paper effluent.

KW - Constructed wetlands

KW - Phytoremediation

KW - Recycled pulp and paper industry

KW - Scirpus grossus

KW - Subsurface flow (SSF)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060455039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060455039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.eti.2018.12.008

DO - 10.1016/j.eti.2018.12.008

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 346

EP - 352

JO - Environmental Technology and Innovation

JF - Environmental Technology and Innovation

SN - 2352-1864

ER -