Performance of a solar-assisted solid desiccant dryer for oil palm fronds drying

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A solar-assisted solid desiccant dryer was used to dry crushed oil palm fronds. Solar energy was used to heat water with a solar collector and heat was transferred to the air through two heat exchangers. The hot air is used for regeneration of desiccant wheel and increase temperature of drying air after dehumidification. Drying time for reducing the moisture content of crushed oil palm fronds from 69% to 29% under open sun drying was approximately 30 h and 40 min. Drying time was reduced by approximately 64%, 44%, and 33% for products in the first, second, and third columns of the developed solar dryer, respectively. Drying efficiency at full capacity was 19%, and 65% of the energy used was solar energy. Drying and pick-up efficiencies declined as the moisture content of the products decreased and less quantity of product in the drying chamber. The drying rate at full capacity was 8.37 kg/h, which is twice that of open sun drying (4.23 kg/h). Drying using semi-continuous mode was performed to reduce the drying time. The desiccant wheel contributed to improving drying air quality with sensible and latent effectiveness of 74% and 67%, respectively. The combination of desiccant and solar dryer produced better drying air condition, improved drying performance and consumed low electrical energy because solar energy was used as a primary energy source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-429
Number of pages15
JournalSolar Energy
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

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Hygroscopic Agents
Driers (materials)
Palm oil
Drying
Solar dryers
Solar energy
Air
Sun
Wheels
Moisture
Solar collectors

Keywords

  • Desiccant dryer
  • Oil palm fronds drying
  • Solar dryer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Performance of a solar-assisted solid desiccant dryer for oil palm fronds drying",
abstract = "A solar-assisted solid desiccant dryer was used to dry crushed oil palm fronds. Solar energy was used to heat water with a solar collector and heat was transferred to the air through two heat exchangers. The hot air is used for regeneration of desiccant wheel and increase temperature of drying air after dehumidification. Drying time for reducing the moisture content of crushed oil palm fronds from 69{\%} to 29{\%} under open sun drying was approximately 30 h and 40 min. Drying time was reduced by approximately 64{\%}, 44{\%}, and 33{\%} for products in the first, second, and third columns of the developed solar dryer, respectively. Drying efficiency at full capacity was 19{\%}, and 65{\%} of the energy used was solar energy. Drying and pick-up efficiencies declined as the moisture content of the products decreased and less quantity of product in the drying chamber. The drying rate at full capacity was 8.37 kg/h, which is twice that of open sun drying (4.23 kg/h). Drying using semi-continuous mode was performed to reduce the drying time. The desiccant wheel contributed to improving drying air quality with sensible and latent effectiveness of 74{\%} and 67{\%}, respectively. The combination of desiccant and solar dryer produced better drying air condition, improved drying performance and consumed low electrical energy because solar energy was used as a primary energy source.",
keywords = "Desiccant dryer, Oil palm fronds drying, Solar dryer",
author = "S. Misha and Sohif Mat and Ruslan, {Mohd Hafidz} and Salleh, {Elias @ Ilias} and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
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AU - Mat, Sohif

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AU - Salleh, Elias @ Ilias

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

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N2 - A solar-assisted solid desiccant dryer was used to dry crushed oil palm fronds. Solar energy was used to heat water with a solar collector and heat was transferred to the air through two heat exchangers. The hot air is used for regeneration of desiccant wheel and increase temperature of drying air after dehumidification. Drying time for reducing the moisture content of crushed oil palm fronds from 69% to 29% under open sun drying was approximately 30 h and 40 min. Drying time was reduced by approximately 64%, 44%, and 33% for products in the first, second, and third columns of the developed solar dryer, respectively. Drying efficiency at full capacity was 19%, and 65% of the energy used was solar energy. Drying and pick-up efficiencies declined as the moisture content of the products decreased and less quantity of product in the drying chamber. The drying rate at full capacity was 8.37 kg/h, which is twice that of open sun drying (4.23 kg/h). Drying using semi-continuous mode was performed to reduce the drying time. The desiccant wheel contributed to improving drying air quality with sensible and latent effectiveness of 74% and 67%, respectively. The combination of desiccant and solar dryer produced better drying air condition, improved drying performance and consumed low electrical energy because solar energy was used as a primary energy source.

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