Performance Evaluation on Otto Engine Generator Using Gasoline and Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Effluent

Irvan, B. Trisakti, Teuku Husaini, A. Sitio, T. B. Sitorus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biogas is a flammable gas produced from the fermentation of organic materials by anaerobic bacteria originating from household waste manure and organic waste including palm oil mill effluent (POME). POME is mainly discharged from the sterilization unit of palm oil processing into crude palm oil. This study utilized biogas produced from liquid waste palm oil for use as fuel in the Otto engine generator 4 - stroke, type STARKE GFH1900LX with a peak power of 1.3 kW, 1.0 kW average power, bore 55 mm, stroke 40 mm, Vd 95 × 10-6 m3, Vc 10 × 10-6 m3, compression ratio of 10.5 : 1, and the number of cylinders = 1. The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of Otto engine generator fueled with biogas that generated from POME, then comparing its performance fueled by gasoline. The performance included power, torque, specific fuel consumption, thermal efficiency, and the air-fuel ratio. Experiment was conducted by using a variation of the lamp load of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 W. The results revealed that the use of biogas as fuel decreased in power, torque, brake thermal efficiency, and air fuel ratio (AFR), while there is an increasing of value specific fuel consumption (SFC).

Original languageEnglish
Article number012028
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume206
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Palm oil
Biofuels
Biogas
Gasoline
Effluents
Engines
Fuel consumption
Torque
Manures
Engine cylinders
Air
Electric lamps
Brakes
Fermentation
palm oil
Bacteria
Gases
Liquids
Processing
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Performance Evaluation on Otto Engine Generator Using Gasoline and Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Effluent. / Irvan; Trisakti, B.; Husaini, Teuku; Sitio, A.; Sitorus, T. B.

In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 206, No. 1, 012028, 21.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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