Performance, emissions and carbon deposit characteristics of diesel engine operating on emulsion fuel

A. K. Hasannuddin, W. J. Yahya, S. Sarah, A. M. Ithnin, S. Syahrullail, D. A. Sugeng, I. F.A. Razak, A. Y. Abd Fatah, Wan Syaidatul Aqma Wan Mohd Noor, Abdul Hadi Abd Rahman , N. A. Ramlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about the effects of using emulsion fuel for extended operation hours. Emulsion fuels comprise of water, low grade diesel fuel (D2) and surfactant in the ratio of 10:89:1 v/v% (E10) and 20:79:1 v/v% (E20). The characteristics of carbon deposits from an engine after a run of 200 h were examined. The carbon deposit analysis performed were macroscopic/microscopic photographs, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), metal element analysis (MEA) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). Increasing water in emulsion fuel decreased particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) altogether. TGA results observed that carbon deposit of E10 engine differed from E20 and D2 engines in terms of its characteristics, which includes darker colour of carbon deposit and the higher volatile content, while the MEA results observed that the elemental metal concentration in the carbon deposit was reduced with increasing water content. The intensity of the spectrum from C–H group for the carbon deposit E10 engine was higher compared to carbon deposit D2 and E20 engine respectively due to a complete combustion. Therefore, it was observed that 10% or less water content delivered better fuel consumption, emissions, and carbon deposit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-506
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Emulsions
Diesel engines
Deposits
Carbon
Engines
Chemical elements
Water content
Thermogravimetric analysis
Metals
Nitrogen oxides
Diesel fuels
Fuel consumption
Water
Fourier transforms
Surface active agents
Color
Infrared radiation

Keywords

  • Carbon deposit
  • Diesel engine
  • Emulsion fuel
  • Fourier transform infrared
  • Thermogravimetric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Hasannuddin, A. K., Yahya, W. J., Sarah, S., Ithnin, A. M., Syahrullail, S., Sugeng, D. A., ... Ramlan, N. A. (2018). Performance, emissions and carbon deposit characteristics of diesel engine operating on emulsion fuel. Energy, 142, 496-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.10.044

Performance, emissions and carbon deposit characteristics of diesel engine operating on emulsion fuel. / Hasannuddin, A. K.; Yahya, W. J.; Sarah, S.; Ithnin, A. M.; Syahrullail, S.; Sugeng, D. A.; Razak, I. F.A.; Abd Fatah, A. Y.; Wan Mohd Noor, Wan Syaidatul Aqma; Abd Rahman , Abdul Hadi; Ramlan, N. A.

In: Energy, Vol. 142, 01.01.2018, p. 496-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hasannuddin, AK, Yahya, WJ, Sarah, S, Ithnin, AM, Syahrullail, S, Sugeng, DA, Razak, IFA, Abd Fatah, AY, Wan Mohd Noor, WSA, Abd Rahman , AH & Ramlan, NA 2018, 'Performance, emissions and carbon deposit characteristics of diesel engine operating on emulsion fuel', Energy, vol. 142, pp. 496-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.10.044
Hasannuddin AK, Yahya WJ, Sarah S, Ithnin AM, Syahrullail S, Sugeng DA et al. Performance, emissions and carbon deposit characteristics of diesel engine operating on emulsion fuel. Energy. 2018 Jan 1;142:496-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.10.044
Hasannuddin, A. K. ; Yahya, W. J. ; Sarah, S. ; Ithnin, A. M. ; Syahrullail, S. ; Sugeng, D. A. ; Razak, I. F.A. ; Abd Fatah, A. Y. ; Wan Mohd Noor, Wan Syaidatul Aqma ; Abd Rahman , Abdul Hadi ; Ramlan, N. A. / Performance, emissions and carbon deposit characteristics of diesel engine operating on emulsion fuel. In: Energy. 2018 ; Vol. 142. pp. 496-506.
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