Performance and fouling assessment of different membrane types in a hybrid photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR) for palm oil mill secondary effluent (POMSE) treatment

Dilaeleyana Abu Bakar Sidik, Nur Hanis Hayati Hairom, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study attempted to treat POMSE via photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR) using different types of commercial membranes (NF-TS 40, UF-UA 60, MF-PVDF, and MF-PES membranes). The results showed that nanofiltration membrane (NF-TS 40) demonstrated the best performance due to the greater photodegradation efficiency and less fouling propensity. The best PMR condition using NF-TS 40 membrane indicated the most effective performance with greater normalized flux (0.33) and higher removal percentage of colour (99.84%), chemical oxygen demand (COD) (99.97%), biological oxygen demand (BOD) (96.24%), and turbidity (99.89%). The severity of membrane fouling based on the membrane characterisation showed a declining trend when using NF membrane in terms of foulant layer and surface roughness. Thus, the finding from this study can be set as a benchmark of an effective polishing method to treat POMSE for water reclamation due to the mitigation of membrane fouling and better performance in producing a good quality permeate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-274
Number of pages10
JournalProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Effluent treatment
Palm oil
Fouling
fouling
mill
effluent
membrane
Membranes
oil
Membrane fouling
Effluents
Wastewater reclamation
Nanofiltration membranes
Chemical oxygen demand
Photodegradation
Turbidity
palm oil
reactor
Polishing
Surface roughness

Keywords

  • Colour removal
  • Nanofiltration membrane
  • Normalized flux
  • Palm oil mill secondary effluent (POMSE)
  • Photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

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title = "Performance and fouling assessment of different membrane types in a hybrid photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR) for palm oil mill secondary effluent (POMSE) treatment",
abstract = "This study attempted to treat POMSE via photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR) using different types of commercial membranes (NF-TS 40, UF-UA 60, MF-PVDF, and MF-PES membranes). The results showed that nanofiltration membrane (NF-TS 40) demonstrated the best performance due to the greater photodegradation efficiency and less fouling propensity. The best PMR condition using NF-TS 40 membrane indicated the most effective performance with greater normalized flux (0.33) and higher removal percentage of colour (99.84{\%}), chemical oxygen demand (COD) (99.97{\%}), biological oxygen demand (BOD) (96.24{\%}), and turbidity (99.89{\%}). The severity of membrane fouling based on the membrane characterisation showed a declining trend when using NF membrane in terms of foulant layer and surface roughness. Thus, the finding from this study can be set as a benchmark of an effective polishing method to treat POMSE for water reclamation due to the mitigation of membrane fouling and better performance in producing a good quality permeate.",
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author = "Sidik, {Dilaeleyana Abu Bakar} and Hairom, {Nur Hanis Hayati} and Mohammad, {Abdul Wahab}",
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AU - Mohammad, Abdul Wahab

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AB - This study attempted to treat POMSE via photocatalytic membrane reactor (PMR) using different types of commercial membranes (NF-TS 40, UF-UA 60, MF-PVDF, and MF-PES membranes). The results showed that nanofiltration membrane (NF-TS 40) demonstrated the best performance due to the greater photodegradation efficiency and less fouling propensity. The best PMR condition using NF-TS 40 membrane indicated the most effective performance with greater normalized flux (0.33) and higher removal percentage of colour (99.84%), chemical oxygen demand (COD) (99.97%), biological oxygen demand (BOD) (96.24%), and turbidity (99.89%). The severity of membrane fouling based on the membrane characterisation showed a declining trend when using NF membrane in terms of foulant layer and surface roughness. Thus, the finding from this study can be set as a benchmark of an effective polishing method to treat POMSE for water reclamation due to the mitigation of membrane fouling and better performance in producing a good quality permeate.

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