Performance analysis of a direct injection diesel engine using biodiesel and additives

Desmond Jayson, Norhidayah Mat Taib, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, Taib Iskandar Mohamad, Zul Ilham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Combustion in diesel engines release harmful gases leading to air pollution. Biodiesel, a mixture of petroleum-based and plant-derived hydrocarbon, is known for its potential to reduce harmful emissions in diesel engines. However, one of the main problems with biodiesel is high carbon deposition due to very long carbon chain content. Additives are used as carbon deposition breaker for the engine. This paper presents the effects of such additives on engine performance fuelled with oil palm biodiesel. A single cylinder direct injection diesel engine, YANMAR TF90 were run with different blends of diesel-biodiesel and 2.0ml Decarbonising High Performance (DHP) as additives. Results of the in-cylinder pressure were then analyzed to determine the combustion characteristics. Biodiesel produced lower gas pollutant compared to pure diesel, but due to high viscosity and low heating value, the engine performance was lower than diesel. However, the viscosity reducer and heating value improver additive were found to improve engine performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-80
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering
Volume6
Issue numberSpecialissue
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Direct injection
Biodiesel
Diesel engines
Engines
Engine cylinders
Carbon
Viscosity
Heating
Palm oil
Air pollution
Gases
Crude oil
Hydrocarbons

Keywords

  • Additives
  • Biodiesel
  • Direct injection
  • Heat release rate
  • Performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Performance analysis of a direct injection diesel engine using biodiesel and additives. / Jayson, Desmond; Taib, Norhidayah Mat; Abu Mansor, Mohd Radzi; Mohamad, Taib Iskandar; Ilham, Zul.

In: Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 6, No. Specialissue, 01.01.2018, p. 67-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jayson, D, Taib, NM, Abu Mansor, MR, Mohamad, TI & Ilham, Z 2018, 'Performance analysis of a direct injection diesel engine using biodiesel and additives', Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 6, no. Specialissue, pp. 67-80.
Jayson, Desmond ; Taib, Norhidayah Mat ; Abu Mansor, Mohd Radzi ; Mohamad, Taib Iskandar ; Ilham, Zul. / Performance analysis of a direct injection diesel engine using biodiesel and additives. In: Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. Specialissue. pp. 67-80.
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