Perception of cancer risk and its associated risk factors among young iraqis living in Baghdad

Harith Alaa, Shamsul Azhar Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cancer is responsible for substantial burden on communities and more specifically on less developed countries. The incidence of cancer is on the rise due to population growth and aging, also due to increment of the risk factors such as smoking, increasing weight, low physical activity associated with adoption of western lifestyle. Around 14 million cases of new cancer and 8 million deaths from cancer is estimated to occur by 2012. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Baghdad from June 2016 to October 2016. Participants were selected according to our inclusion criteria, namely aged between 18 to 40 years and not being diagnosed with any chronic diseases. Those who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were 700 participants who completed the questionnaire. Results showed that most of our participants had low perceived susceptibility to cancer risk (62.4%), low perceived severity (59.8%), but good perceived benefits of screening (56.6%). Hierarchal linear regression analysis showed that sociodemographic factors of gender, marital status, and education level were statistically significant. Moreover, factors of health behaviour such as practice towards health and preventive behaviour were associated with the outcome. Finally, treatment control and emotional factors were mostly predicting the outcome. Perceived susceptibility to cancer along with its psychological factors and behaviour were important contributors to self-perceived health in this study. Hence there is association between perception and future morbidity and mortality, thus it is crucial for public health policy. Comprehensive health programs that include health promotion campaigns and proper health care services that deals with secondary prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2339-2343
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Neoplasms
Health Promotion
Health
Population Growth
Health Behavior
Marital Status
Public Policy
Health Policy
Secondary Prevention
Developing Countries
Health Services
Life Style
Linear Models
Chronic Disease
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Regression Analysis
Psychology
Morbidity

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Iraq
  • Perception
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Perception of cancer risk and its associated risk factors among young iraqis living in Baghdad. / Alaa, Harith; Shah, Shamsul Azhar.

In: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, Vol. 20, No. 8, 01.01.2019, p. 2339-2343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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