Perceived stress and coping styles among Malay caregivers of children with learning disabilities in Kelantan

Siti Nor Ismalina Isa, Ismarulyusda Ishak, Azriani Ab Rahman, Nur Zakiah Mohd Saat, Normah Che Din, Syarif Husin Lubis, Muhammad Faiz Mohd Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Caregivers of children with learning disabilities have been shown to experience increased stress and greater negative caregiving consequences than those with typically developing children. There remains a lack of studies focusing on stress and coping mechanisms among caregivers of a wider age group and diagnosis of individuals with disabilities in Asian countries. The current study examines levels of perceived stress and associated child and caregiver factors among caregivers of children with learning disabilities in the Malaysian context. An additional aim was to determine whether caregiver coping styles may be predictors of perceived stress. Methods: The Malay version of the Perceived Stress Scale with 10 items and the Brief COPE Scale were administered to a sample of 190 Malay caregivers of children with learning disabilities registered with community-based rehabilitation centres in Kelantan, a state in Peninsular Malaysia. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied to determine the predictors of perceived stress. Results: The mean total perceived stress score of caregivers was 16.96 (SD = 4.66). The most frequently used coping styles found among caregivers included religion, acceptance and positive reframing, while substance use and behavioural disengagement were least frequently used. Higher perceived stress was significantly predicted among caregivers with fewer children, frequent use of instrumental support and behavioural disengagement coping, and lack of emotional support and religious coping. Conclusion: Findings indicate that the perceived stress levels among caregivers were significantly predicted by different coping styles. It is vital to help the caregivers improve their good coping styles in order to reduce their stress levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-93
Number of pages13
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Learning Disorders
Disabled Children
Caregivers
Rehabilitation Centers
Malaysia
Religion
Linear Models
Age Groups
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • Children
  • Coping styles
  • Disabilities
  • Parents
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Perceived stress and coping styles among Malay caregivers of children with learning disabilities in Kelantan. / Isa, Siti Nor Ismalina; Ishak, Ismarulyusda; Ab Rahman, Azriani; Mohd Saat, Nur Zakiah; Che Din, Normah; Lubis, Syarif Husin; Mohd Ismail, Muhammad Faiz.

In: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 81-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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