Penghasilan selulosa bakteria yang ekonomik daripada air kelapa tua

Nur Syafiqah Kamarudin, Norliza Abd Rahman, Mohd. Sahaid Kalil, Siti Kartom Kamarudin, Faezah Esa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bacterial cellulose (SB) is a unique biopolymer produced naturally by bacteria and has been used in various types of industries. Compared to plant cellulose, SB has a purer structure. Production of SB in large scale, especially for industrial purposes, requires exploration on each process and operating cost. The use of matured coconut water, a domestic waste as fermentation media in the production of bacterial cellulose is one of the alternatives to tackle the pollution problem due to improper disposal of this solution and at the same time, it can reduce the cost of fermentation. The optimum conditions of the fermentation process were determined by response surface methodology (RSM) through manipulating temperature, pH reading and fermentation period. A total of three comparisons with previous studies were conducted through simulation of SB processing plant using SuperoPro Designer software. Results showed that the production process designed in this study requires the cheapest operating cost compared to other alternatives with only RM261/group and thus make it an economical processing plant and has the potential to be applied.

Original languageMalay
Pages (from-to)83-87
Number of pages5
JournalMalaysian Applied Biology
Volume48
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

Fermentation
Air
fermentation
Economics
Cellulose
air
economics
operating costs
cellulose
Costs and Cost Analysis
Cocos
Biopolymers
biopolymers
response surface methodology
Reading
Industry
Software
pollution
industry
Bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Penghasilan selulosa bakteria yang ekonomik daripada air kelapa tua. / Kamarudin, Nur Syafiqah; Abd Rahman, Norliza; Kalil, Mohd. Sahaid; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Esa, Faezah.

In: Malaysian Applied Biology, Vol. 48, No. 2, 01.05.2019, p. 83-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b30318b1f6fd45a5a4e2a3b81bf17f5f,
title = "Penghasilan selulosa bakteria yang ekonomik daripada air kelapa tua",
abstract = "Bacterial cellulose (SB) is a unique biopolymer produced naturally by bacteria and has been used in various types of industries. Compared to plant cellulose, SB has a purer structure. Production of SB in large scale, especially for industrial purposes, requires exploration on each process and operating cost. The use of matured coconut water, a domestic waste as fermentation media in the production of bacterial cellulose is one of the alternatives to tackle the pollution problem due to improper disposal of this solution and at the same time, it can reduce the cost of fermentation. The optimum conditions of the fermentation process were determined by response surface methodology (RSM) through manipulating temperature, pH reading and fermentation period. A total of three comparisons with previous studies were conducted through simulation of SB processing plant using SuperoPro Designer software. Results showed that the production process designed in this study requires the cheapest operating cost compared to other alternatives with only RM261/group and thus make it an economical processing plant and has the potential to be applied.",
keywords = "Bacterial cellulose, Economics, Fermentation, Matured coconut water, Simulation process",
author = "Kamarudin, {Nur Syafiqah} and {Abd Rahman}, Norliza and Kalil, {Mohd. Sahaid} and Kamarudin, {Siti Kartom} and Faezah Esa",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
language = "Malay",
volume = "48",
pages = "83--87",
journal = "Malaysian Applied Biology",
issn = "0126-8643",
publisher = "Malaysian Society of Applied Biology",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Penghasilan selulosa bakteria yang ekonomik daripada air kelapa tua

AU - Kamarudin, Nur Syafiqah

AU - Abd Rahman, Norliza

AU - Kalil, Mohd. Sahaid

AU - Kamarudin, Siti Kartom

AU - Esa, Faezah

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Bacterial cellulose (SB) is a unique biopolymer produced naturally by bacteria and has been used in various types of industries. Compared to plant cellulose, SB has a purer structure. Production of SB in large scale, especially for industrial purposes, requires exploration on each process and operating cost. The use of matured coconut water, a domestic waste as fermentation media in the production of bacterial cellulose is one of the alternatives to tackle the pollution problem due to improper disposal of this solution and at the same time, it can reduce the cost of fermentation. The optimum conditions of the fermentation process were determined by response surface methodology (RSM) through manipulating temperature, pH reading and fermentation period. A total of three comparisons with previous studies were conducted through simulation of SB processing plant using SuperoPro Designer software. Results showed that the production process designed in this study requires the cheapest operating cost compared to other alternatives with only RM261/group and thus make it an economical processing plant and has the potential to be applied.

AB - Bacterial cellulose (SB) is a unique biopolymer produced naturally by bacteria and has been used in various types of industries. Compared to plant cellulose, SB has a purer structure. Production of SB in large scale, especially for industrial purposes, requires exploration on each process and operating cost. The use of matured coconut water, a domestic waste as fermentation media in the production of bacterial cellulose is one of the alternatives to tackle the pollution problem due to improper disposal of this solution and at the same time, it can reduce the cost of fermentation. The optimum conditions of the fermentation process were determined by response surface methodology (RSM) through manipulating temperature, pH reading and fermentation period. A total of three comparisons with previous studies were conducted through simulation of SB processing plant using SuperoPro Designer software. Results showed that the production process designed in this study requires the cheapest operating cost compared to other alternatives with only RM261/group and thus make it an economical processing plant and has the potential to be applied.

KW - Bacterial cellulose

KW - Economics

KW - Fermentation

KW - Matured coconut water

KW - Simulation process

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069528739&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069528739&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85069528739

VL - 48

SP - 83

EP - 87

JO - Malaysian Applied Biology

JF - Malaysian Applied Biology

SN - 0126-8643

IS - 2

ER -