Pediatric craniomaxillofacial injuries after road traffic crashes: Characteristics of injuries and protective equipment use

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: A cross-sectional study to determine the pattern of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) injuries among children involved in road traffic crashes was performed. The association of protective equipment use with the CMF injuries was evaluated. Methods: Retrospective records of children treated in the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, after road traffic crashes between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2012 were reviewed, and, after that, telephone interviews were made. Results: Seventy-one children were included in this study. Fifty-two (73.6%) were involved in a motorcycle injury and 19 (23.4%) in a car crash. Their mean age was 6.02 years; SD, 3.46 (range between 0 to 13 years old). More male children were observed (52.1%) compared with females (47.9%). Thirty-nine point four percent of the children sustained CMF injuries, 33.8% body injuries, and 23.9% had both CMF and other body parts injuries. The highest injury severity score was 26, whereas the lowest was 0. Many children did not use protective equipment during traveling, 44.2% of children among motorcycle pillion riders, and 78.9% among car passengers. The association between helmet use and CMF injuries was shown to be statistically significant (P < .001). Conclusion: Craniomaxillofacial injuries could be prevented with the use of motorcycle helmet and seat belt.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 22 Feb 2015

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Pediatrics
Equipment and Supplies
Wounds and Injuries
Motorcycles
Head Protective Devices
Malaysia
Seat Belts
Injury Severity Score
Human Body
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Pediatric craniomaxillofacial injuries after road traffic crashes: Characteristics of injuries and protective equipment use",
abstract = "Objective: A cross-sectional study to determine the pattern of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) injuries among children involved in road traffic crashes was performed. The association of protective equipment use with the CMF injuries was evaluated. Methods: Retrospective records of children treated in the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, after road traffic crashes between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2012 were reviewed, and, after that, telephone interviews were made. Results: Seventy-one children were included in this study. Fifty-two (73.6{\%}) were involved in a motorcycle injury and 19 (23.4{\%}) in a car crash. Their mean age was 6.02 years; SD, 3.46 (range between 0 to 13 years old). More male children were observed (52.1{\%}) compared with females (47.9{\%}). Thirty-nine point four percent of the children sustained CMF injuries, 33.8{\%} body injuries, and 23.9{\%} had both CMF and other body parts injuries. The highest injury severity score was 26, whereas the lowest was 0. Many children did not use protective equipment during traveling, 44.2{\%} of children among motorcycle pillion riders, and 78.9{\%} among car passengers. The association between helmet use and CMF injuries was shown to be statistically significant (P < .001). Conclusion: Craniomaxillofacial injuries could be prevented with the use of motorcycle helmet and seat belt.",
author = "Yunus, {Siti Salmiah Mohd} and Ngeow, {Wei Cheong} and Roszalina Ramli",
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