Patterns of fruits and vegetable consumption among adults of different ethnics in Selangor, Malaysia

A. Nurul Izzah, Aminah Abdullah, Md. Pauzi Abdullah, Yook Heng Lee, W. M. Wan Rozita, Siti Fatimah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A survey was conducted to investigate patterns of fruits and vegetables consumption among Malaysian adults residing in Selangor, Malaysia. Two hundred forty two subjects comprises of male (28%) and female (72%) of major ethnics (Malays-52.3%; Chinese-30.5%; Indians-16.9%) with the mean age of 43.5±18 years were studied from July to November 2002. Consumption data for vegetables were collected using 24 hours duplicate samples method while for fruits 24-hour diet record was used. The results showed that most frequently consumed leafy, leguminous, root, brassica and fruits vegetables were celery (Apium graveolens), spinach (Spinacia oleracea), water spinach (Ipomoea aquatic), long beans (Vigna sesquipedolis), French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), carrot (Daucas carota), potato (Solanum tuberosum), Chinese mustard (Brassica juncea), round cabbage (Brassica reptans), cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var cauliflora), chilies (red, green, small or dried) (Capsicum sp.), tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), long eggplant (Solanum melongena) and okra (Hibiscus esculentus). While most consumed ulam and traditional vegetables were petai (Parkia speciosa), sweet leaves (Sauropus andragynus) and Indian pennywor (Hydrocotyle asiatica). Other vegetables inclusive spices and flavorings that were preferred by subjects were shallot (Allium fistulosum), garlic (Allium sativum), onion (Alium cepa), green bean sprout (Phaseolus aureus) and curry leaves (Murraya koenigii). The most preferred fruits were banana (Musa spp.) and apples (.Malus domestica). A total consumption of fruits and vegetables among adults in Selangor was 173 g/day and the consumption among Malays (202 g/day) was significantly higher (P<0.001) compared to the Chinese or Indians. Individually, vegetables were consumed 133 g/day while fruits were 179 g/day. No significant differences (P<0.05) were shown for consumption of different vegetable categories among different ethnic groups. Study subjects consumed more brassica vegetables compared to other vegetable categories and the Malays preferred traditional vegetables compared to the other two ethnics. Most vegetables were consumed as soup and boiled, least was consumed as raw and salad form.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1107
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Food Research Journal
Volume19
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Malaysia
vegetable consumption
fruit consumption
Vegetables
Fruit
vegetables
Brassica
Bergera koenigii
Spinacia oleracea
fruits
Apium graveolens
green beans
Solanum melongena
Cucumis sativus
carrots
Musa
Daucus carota
Garlic
Mustard Plant
Phaseolus

Keywords

  • Consumption pattern
  • Ethnic
  • Fruits
  • Malaysian
  • Vegetables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Nurul Izzah, A., Abdullah, A., Abdullah, M. P., Lee, Y. H., Wan Rozita, W. M., & Fatimah, S. (2012). Patterns of fruits and vegetable consumption among adults of different ethnics in Selangor, Malaysia. International Food Research Journal, 19(3), 1095-1107.

Patterns of fruits and vegetable consumption among adults of different ethnics in Selangor, Malaysia. / Nurul Izzah, A.; Abdullah, Aminah; Abdullah, Md. Pauzi; Lee, Yook Heng; Wan Rozita, W. M.; Fatimah, Siti.

In: International Food Research Journal, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2012, p. 1095-1107.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nurul Izzah, A, Abdullah, A, Abdullah, MP, Lee, YH, Wan Rozita, WM & Fatimah, S 2012, 'Patterns of fruits and vegetable consumption among adults of different ethnics in Selangor, Malaysia', International Food Research Journal, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1095-1107.
Nurul Izzah, A. ; Abdullah, Aminah ; Abdullah, Md. Pauzi ; Lee, Yook Heng ; Wan Rozita, W. M. ; Fatimah, Siti. / Patterns of fruits and vegetable consumption among adults of different ethnics in Selangor, Malaysia. In: International Food Research Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 1095-1107.
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