Participating in a virtual reality balance exercise program can reduce risk and fear of falls

Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Bala S. Rajaratnam, Vijayakumar Palaniswamy, Hannah Pearson, Vimal P. Raman, Pei Sien Bong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to quantify the effectiveness of virtual reality balance games (VRBG) to decrease risk and fear of falls among women. Methods: Thirty six community dwelling women aged 56 and above were randomly divided into experimental (exercises using VRBG focus on improving balance) and control (conventional balance exercises) groups. Both groups attended a twice 6 weekly exercise session for an hour. Risk and fear of falls were measured with Physiological Profile Approach (PPA) and Activity Specific Balance Scale (ABC-6). Pre and post intervention differences between the groups were examined using two way repeated measures ANOVA. Results: Both VRBG and conventional balance exercise groups had significant decrease in PPA (p < 0.001) and ABC-6 (p < 0.01) after the interventions. However, no significant effects were demonstrated between the groups in PPA (p = 0.18) and ABC-6 (p = 0.25) post intervention. Time and group interaction effect were not significant for PPA (p = 0.18) and ABC-6 (p = 0.45). Conclusions: Practising VRBG can increase balance confidence and decrease risk of falls among community dwelling women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-243
Number of pages5
JournalMaturitas
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Fingerprint

Virtual reality
Fear
Exercise
Independent Living
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • Fear of falls
  • Risk of falls
  • Virtual reality
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Participating in a virtual reality balance exercise program can reduce risk and fear of falls. / Ajit Singh, Devinder Kaur; Rajaratnam, Bala S.; Palaniswamy, Vijayakumar; Pearson, Hannah; Raman, Vimal P.; Bong, Pei Sien.

In: Maturitas, Vol. 73, No. 3, 11.2012, p. 239-243.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ajit Singh, Devinder Kaur ; Rajaratnam, Bala S. ; Palaniswamy, Vijayakumar ; Pearson, Hannah ; Raman, Vimal P. ; Bong, Pei Sien. / Participating in a virtual reality balance exercise program can reduce risk and fear of falls. In: Maturitas. 2012 ; Vol. 73, No. 3. pp. 239-243.
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