Parental concerns and control in feeding of 9 to 12-year-old children in a primary school in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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Abstract

Introduction: Body weight of children is affected by many factors including food habits which are influenced by their parents. Studies in the West have shown that parents tend to control child feeding in response to their child's weight status. The aim of this study was to assess Malaysian parental concerns about child weight and the control they exert on child feeding. Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted on parents and their children aged 9 to 12 years from a primary school in Kuala Lumpur. The weight status of the children was classified according to the body mass index-for-age growth chart. Parental concerns about child weight and control in child feeding was assessed using the adapted Malay version of Child Feeding Questionnaire. Results: A total of 204 parents participated in this study. The study found that being a female served as a protective factor against becoming overweight (OR:0.28, CI:0.13-0.62). Parents with overweight children were significantly older (OR:1.08, CI:1.01-1.15), concerned about their child's weight (OR:2.77, CI:1.49-5.12) and controlled their child's feeding by restricting food intake(OR:2.70, CI:1.30-5.60). They were less likely to pressure their children to eat (OR:0.32, CI:0.19-0.56). Parents from the low income group were more likely to have underweight children (OR: 4.15, CI:1.28-13.47). Conclusion: There was significant difference in level of parental concern across differing child weight status. Parents with overweight children were likely to be more concerned about their child's weight, tending to control their feeding. In contrast, parents with underweight children did not exert control on their feeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

elementary schools
Malaysia
child nutrition
Parents
Weights and Measures
underweight
childhood obesity
Thinness
eating habits
Growth Charts
body mass index
food intake
income
questionnaires

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Child
  • Food habit
  • Nutrition
  • Parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Science

Cite this

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title = "Parental concerns and control in feeding of 9 to 12-year-old children in a primary school in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia",
abstract = "Introduction: Body weight of children is affected by many factors including food habits which are influenced by their parents. Studies in the West have shown that parents tend to control child feeding in response to their child's weight status. The aim of this study was to assess Malaysian parental concerns about child weight and the control they exert on child feeding. Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted on parents and their children aged 9 to 12 years from a primary school in Kuala Lumpur. The weight status of the children was classified according to the body mass index-for-age growth chart. Parental concerns about child weight and control in child feeding was assessed using the adapted Malay version of Child Feeding Questionnaire. Results: A total of 204 parents participated in this study. The study found that being a female served as a protective factor against becoming overweight (OR:0.28, CI:0.13-0.62). Parents with overweight children were significantly older (OR:1.08, CI:1.01-1.15), concerned about their child's weight (OR:2.77, CI:1.49-5.12) and controlled their child's feeding by restricting food intake(OR:2.70, CI:1.30-5.60). They were less likely to pressure their children to eat (OR:0.32, CI:0.19-0.56). Parents from the low income group were more likely to have underweight children (OR: 4.15, CI:1.28-13.47). Conclusion: There was significant difference in level of parental concern across differing child weight status. Parents with overweight children were likely to be more concerned about their child's weight, tending to control their feeding. In contrast, parents with underweight children did not exert control on their feeding.",
keywords = "Body weight, Child, Food habit, Nutrition, Parents",
author = "Muhammad, {Noor Azimah} and Leelavathi Muthupalani and Shah, {Shamsul Azhar} and Hizlinda Tohid and Khairani Omar and A. Fatimah",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "47--55",
journal = "Malaysian Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1394-035X",
publisher = "Persatuan Pemakanan Malaysia",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental concerns and control in feeding of 9 to 12-year-old children in a primary school in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

AU - Muhammad, Noor Azimah

AU - Muthupalani, Leelavathi

AU - Shah, Shamsul Azhar

AU - Tohid, Hizlinda

AU - Omar, Khairani

AU - Fatimah, A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Introduction: Body weight of children is affected by many factors including food habits which are influenced by their parents. Studies in the West have shown that parents tend to control child feeding in response to their child's weight status. The aim of this study was to assess Malaysian parental concerns about child weight and the control they exert on child feeding. Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted on parents and their children aged 9 to 12 years from a primary school in Kuala Lumpur. The weight status of the children was classified according to the body mass index-for-age growth chart. Parental concerns about child weight and control in child feeding was assessed using the adapted Malay version of Child Feeding Questionnaire. Results: A total of 204 parents participated in this study. The study found that being a female served as a protective factor against becoming overweight (OR:0.28, CI:0.13-0.62). Parents with overweight children were significantly older (OR:1.08, CI:1.01-1.15), concerned about their child's weight (OR:2.77, CI:1.49-5.12) and controlled their child's feeding by restricting food intake(OR:2.70, CI:1.30-5.60). They were less likely to pressure their children to eat (OR:0.32, CI:0.19-0.56). Parents from the low income group were more likely to have underweight children (OR: 4.15, CI:1.28-13.47). Conclusion: There was significant difference in level of parental concern across differing child weight status. Parents with overweight children were likely to be more concerned about their child's weight, tending to control their feeding. In contrast, parents with underweight children did not exert control on their feeding.

AB - Introduction: Body weight of children is affected by many factors including food habits which are influenced by their parents. Studies in the West have shown that parents tend to control child feeding in response to their child's weight status. The aim of this study was to assess Malaysian parental concerns about child weight and the control they exert on child feeding. Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted on parents and their children aged 9 to 12 years from a primary school in Kuala Lumpur. The weight status of the children was classified according to the body mass index-for-age growth chart. Parental concerns about child weight and control in child feeding was assessed using the adapted Malay version of Child Feeding Questionnaire. Results: A total of 204 parents participated in this study. The study found that being a female served as a protective factor against becoming overweight (OR:0.28, CI:0.13-0.62). Parents with overweight children were significantly older (OR:1.08, CI:1.01-1.15), concerned about their child's weight (OR:2.77, CI:1.49-5.12) and controlled their child's feeding by restricting food intake(OR:2.70, CI:1.30-5.60). They were less likely to pressure their children to eat (OR:0.32, CI:0.19-0.56). Parents from the low income group were more likely to have underweight children (OR: 4.15, CI:1.28-13.47). Conclusion: There was significant difference in level of parental concern across differing child weight status. Parents with overweight children were likely to be more concerned about their child's weight, tending to control their feeding. In contrast, parents with underweight children did not exert control on their feeding.

KW - Body weight

KW - Child

KW - Food habit

KW - Nutrition

KW - Parents

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M3 - Article

C2 - 23713229

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VL - 18

SP - 47

EP - 55

JO - Malaysian Journal of Nutrition

JF - Malaysian Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1394-035X

IS - 1

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