Palm tocotrienol-rich fraction improves vascular proatherosclerotic changes in hyperhomocysteinemic rats

Ku Zaifah Norsidah, Ahmad Yusof Asmadi, Ayob Azizi, Faizah Othman, Kamisah Yusof

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Abstract

This study investigated the effects of palm tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) on aortic proatherosclerotic changes in rats fed with a high methionine diet. Forty-two male Wistar rats were divided into six groups. The first group was the control (fed with a basal diet). Another five groups were fed with 1% methionine diet for 10 weeks. From week 6 onward, folate (8 mg/kg diet) or palm TRF (30, 60, and 150 mg/kg diets) was added into the diet of the last four rat groups, respectively. The high methionine diet raised the plasma total homocysteine and aortic lipid peroxidation, which were reduced by the palm TRF and folate supplementations. Plasma nitric oxide was reduced in the high methionine group compared to the control (3.72 ± 0.57 versus 6.65 ± 0.53 mol/L, P < 0.05), which reduction was reversed by the palm TRF (60 and 150 mg/kg) and folate supplementations. The increased aortic vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in the methionine group (2.58 ± 0.29) was significantly reduced by the folate (1.38 ± 0.18) and palm TRF at 150 mg/kg (1.19 ± 0.23). Palm TRF was comparable to folate in reducing high methionine diet-induced plasma hyperhomocysteinemia, aortic oxidative stress, and inflammatory changes in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Article number976967
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Tocotrienols
Blood Vessels
Methionine
Diet
Folic Acid
Hyperhomocysteinemia
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
Homocysteine
Lipid Peroxidation
Wistar Rats
Nitric Oxide
Oxidative Stress
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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Palm tocotrienol-rich fraction improves vascular proatherosclerotic changes in hyperhomocysteinemic rats. / Norsidah, Ku Zaifah; Asmadi, Ahmad Yusof; Azizi, Ayob; Othman, Faizah; Yusof, Kamisah.

In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 2013, 976967, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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