Palm oil milling wastes and sustainable development

Ah Choy Er, Rahim R M Nor, Katiman Rostam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Problem statement: Palm oil milling generates solid wastes, effluent and gaseous emissions. The aim of this study is to assess the progress made in waste management by the Malaysian palm oil milling sector towards the path of sustainable development. Sustainable development is defined as the utilization of renewable resources in harmony with ecological systems. Inclusive in this definition is the transition from low value-added to higher value-added transformation of wastes into resources. Approach: A longitudinal study was carried out from 2003-2010 via, initially a field survey and subsequently a key informant approach with observation as a complementation for both. Results: Solid wastes, inclusive of solid wastes derived from air emissions and palm oil mil effluent, have a utility function with zero wastage. The principal source of effluent is palm oil mill effluent. Treated palm oil mill effluent is utilized for cropland application by plantation-based palm oil mills. However, independent mills discharge treated palm oil mill effluent in accordance to environmental parameters into receiving waterways. Methane is also released by palm oil mill effluent. Biogas from palm oil mill effluent and biomass energy from solid wastes are potential sources of renewable energy in Malaysia. Conclusion: In general, the wastes from palm oil milling are returned to the field for cropland application, utilized in-house or in the plantation, or sold to third parties. Thus, there is progress made towards sustainable development. The addition of new technologies and replacement of old mills will help to reduce the carbon footprint. However, at this juncture, the feed-in tariff for renewable energy is not financially attractive. If the biogas and biomass renewable energy sector were to take-off, enhancement in the value chain would occur and in tandem further progress towards sustainable development can be attained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-440
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Sustainable development
Effluents
Solid wastes
Biogas
Biomass
Carbon footprint
Takeoff
Waste management
Gas emissions
Methane

Keywords

  • Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
  • Biogas production
  • Biomass energy
  • Certified Emission Reduction (CER)
  • Environmental Quality Act (EQA)
  • Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFBs)
  • Palm oil mill effluent
  • Renewable energy
  • Solid wastes
  • Sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Palm oil milling wastes and sustainable development. / Er, Ah Choy; Nor, Rahim R M; Rostam, Katiman.

In: American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2011, p. 436-440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Er, Ah Choy ; Nor, Rahim R M ; Rostam, Katiman. / Palm oil milling wastes and sustainable development. In: American Journal of Applied Sciences. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 5. pp. 436-440.
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