Palm oil mill effluent treatment and CO2 sequestration by using microalgae—sustainable strategies for environmental protection

Harizah Bajunaid Hariz, Mohd Sobri Takriff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this era of globalization, various products and technologies are being developed by the industries. While resources and energy are utilized from processes, wastes are being excreted through water streams, air, and ground. Without realizing it, environmental pollutions increase as the country develops. Effective technology is desired to create green factories that are able to overcome these issues. Wastewater is classified as the water coming from domestic or industrial sources. Wastewater treatment includes physical, chemical, and biological treatment processes. Aerobic and anaerobic processes are utilized in biological treatment approach. However, the current biological approaches emit greenhouse gases (GHGs), methane, and carbon dioxide that contribute to global warming. Microalgae can be the alternative to treating wastewater as it is able to consume nutrients from wastewater loading and fix CO2 as it undergoes photosynthesis. The utilization of microalgae in the system will directly reduce GHG emissions with low operating cost within a short period of time. The aim of this review is to discuss the uses of native microalgae species in palm oil mill effluent (POME) and flue gas remediation. In addition, the discussion on the optimal microalgae cultivation parameter selection is included as this is significant for effective microalgae-based treatment operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20209-20240
Number of pages32
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume24
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Microalgae
Effluent treatment
Palm oil
Conservation of Natural Resources
Environmental protection
carbon sequestration
environmental protection
Waste Water
Wastewater
mill
effluent
Greenhouse gases
wastewater
oil
greenhouse gas
Gases
Photosynthesis
Water
Methane
Global warming

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide (CO) sequestration
  • Industrial effluent
  • Microalgae
  • Palm oil mill effluent (POME)
  • Phytoremediation
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Palm oil mill effluent treatment and CO2 sequestration by using microalgae—sustainable strategies for environmental protection. / Hariz, Harizah Bajunaid; Takriff, Mohd Sobri.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 24, No. 25, 01.09.2017, p. 20209-20240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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