Palm oil industry in South East Asia and the effluent treatment technology—A review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The progress of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) treatment in meeting with the regulation and standard stipulated by the Environmental Authority always been a major issue in Palm oil industries. To occupy the palm oil world market demand, palm oil industry needs to produce more than the market demand to supply necessity. Currently, South East Asia country such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand rank the top country with the largest production of palm oil in the world. However, the increasing demand for the palm oil has resulted in even massive waste especially palm oil mill effluent (POME). Direct discharge of POME will adversely affect the environment. In 2011, 53 million tonnes metric of palm oil produced and 89% of this production comes from Malaysia and Indonesia. Thailand, however, used the palm oil solely for domestic usage. Since POME has been declared among the major source of pollution, a great deal of research and development including application devoted to enhance the current treatment method for POME to consistently meet the proposed stringent regulatory requirement by environmental authority. Conventional treatment such as ponding system is the most commonplace method to treat POME through the application of ponding system which is include aerobic and anaerobic treatment. Recently, the alternative methods such as coagulation, flocculation, adsorption, advanced oxidation process (AOP) and membrane technology to treat POME has shown a promising result compared to the conventional method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-185
Number of pages17
JournalEnvironmental Technology and Innovation
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

oil mill effluents
palm oils
oil industry
South East Asia
effluents
effluent
industry
oil
mill
Malaysia
Thailand
Indonesia
world markets
flocculation
Asia
research and development
coagulation
methodology
adsorption
pollution

Keywords

  • Aerobic digestion
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Membrane
  • Palm oil
  • Physicochemical
  • POME

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

@article{0bc7ce55389b418482bc4f134ab86a48,
title = "Palm oil industry in South East Asia and the effluent treatment technology—A review",
abstract = "The progress of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) treatment in meeting with the regulation and standard stipulated by the Environmental Authority always been a major issue in Palm oil industries. To occupy the palm oil world market demand, palm oil industry needs to produce more than the market demand to supply necessity. Currently, South East Asia country such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand rank the top country with the largest production of palm oil in the world. However, the increasing demand for the palm oil has resulted in even massive waste especially palm oil mill effluent (POME). Direct discharge of POME will adversely affect the environment. In 2011, 53 million tonnes metric of palm oil produced and 89{\%} of this production comes from Malaysia and Indonesia. Thailand, however, used the palm oil solely for domestic usage. Since POME has been declared among the major source of pollution, a great deal of research and development including application devoted to enhance the current treatment method for POME to consistently meet the proposed stringent regulatory requirement by environmental authority. Conventional treatment such as ponding system is the most commonplace method to treat POME through the application of ponding system which is include aerobic and anaerobic treatment. Recently, the alternative methods such as coagulation, flocculation, adsorption, advanced oxidation process (AOP) and membrane technology to treat POME has shown a promising result compared to the conventional method.",
keywords = "Aerobic digestion, Anaerobic digestion, Membrane, Palm oil, Physicochemical, POME",
author = "Iskandar, {Muhammad Johan} and {Baharum @ Abdul Aziz}, Azizah and Anuar, {Farah Hannan} and Rizafizah Othaman",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.eti.2017.11.003",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "169--185",
journal = "Environmental Technology and Innovation",
issn = "2352-1864",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Palm oil industry in South East Asia and the effluent treatment technology—A review

AU - Iskandar, Muhammad Johan

AU - Baharum @ Abdul Aziz, Azizah

AU - Anuar, Farah Hannan

AU - Othaman, Rizafizah

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - The progress of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) treatment in meeting with the regulation and standard stipulated by the Environmental Authority always been a major issue in Palm oil industries. To occupy the palm oil world market demand, palm oil industry needs to produce more than the market demand to supply necessity. Currently, South East Asia country such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand rank the top country with the largest production of palm oil in the world. However, the increasing demand for the palm oil has resulted in even massive waste especially palm oil mill effluent (POME). Direct discharge of POME will adversely affect the environment. In 2011, 53 million tonnes metric of palm oil produced and 89% of this production comes from Malaysia and Indonesia. Thailand, however, used the palm oil solely for domestic usage. Since POME has been declared among the major source of pollution, a great deal of research and development including application devoted to enhance the current treatment method for POME to consistently meet the proposed stringent regulatory requirement by environmental authority. Conventional treatment such as ponding system is the most commonplace method to treat POME through the application of ponding system which is include aerobic and anaerobic treatment. Recently, the alternative methods such as coagulation, flocculation, adsorption, advanced oxidation process (AOP) and membrane technology to treat POME has shown a promising result compared to the conventional method.

AB - The progress of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) treatment in meeting with the regulation and standard stipulated by the Environmental Authority always been a major issue in Palm oil industries. To occupy the palm oil world market demand, palm oil industry needs to produce more than the market demand to supply necessity. Currently, South East Asia country such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand rank the top country with the largest production of palm oil in the world. However, the increasing demand for the palm oil has resulted in even massive waste especially palm oil mill effluent (POME). Direct discharge of POME will adversely affect the environment. In 2011, 53 million tonnes metric of palm oil produced and 89% of this production comes from Malaysia and Indonesia. Thailand, however, used the palm oil solely for domestic usage. Since POME has been declared among the major source of pollution, a great deal of research and development including application devoted to enhance the current treatment method for POME to consistently meet the proposed stringent regulatory requirement by environmental authority. Conventional treatment such as ponding system is the most commonplace method to treat POME through the application of ponding system which is include aerobic and anaerobic treatment. Recently, the alternative methods such as coagulation, flocculation, adsorption, advanced oxidation process (AOP) and membrane technology to treat POME has shown a promising result compared to the conventional method.

KW - Aerobic digestion

KW - Anaerobic digestion

KW - Membrane

KW - Palm oil

KW - Physicochemical

KW - POME

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042271324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042271324&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.eti.2017.11.003

DO - 10.1016/j.eti.2017.11.003

M3 - Review article

VL - 9

SP - 169

EP - 185

JO - Environmental Technology and Innovation

JF - Environmental Technology and Innovation

SN - 2352-1864

ER -