Poliuretana sawit dengan ester fosfat soya sebagai perencat api

Translated title of the contribution: Palm-based polyurethane with soybean phosphate ester as a fire retardant

Nor Rabbi atul Adawiyah Norzali, Khairiah Badri, Ong Soo Ping, Ishak Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palm-based polyurethane (PU) with soybean oil phosphate ester (PE) as a fire retardant was prepared. The effect of PE to the mechanical and burning properties of the PU was investigated. The PE was synthesized via ring-opening hydrolysis between o-phosphoric acid (o-H3PO4) and epoxidized soybean oil. The synthesis was conducted at 60-70 °C. The concentration of o-H3PO4 was varied at 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 wt%. PE with 2.5 wt% H3PO4 showed the lowest acid value (2.8 mg·g-1) but high hydroxyl value (351.6 mg·g-1). PU containing PE (PU-PE) has higher density (60-61 kg·m-3) compared to control PU (49.7 kg·m-3). Burning rate decreased from 2.16×10-3 m·s-1 for control PU to 1.26×10-3 m·s-1, 1.06 10-3 m·s-1 and 0.6×10-3m·s-1 for PU-PE at 5, 10 and 15 wt% PE respectively. However, the addition of PE into the PU system gradually decreased the compression stress and modulus of the PU-PE.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)456-465
Number of pages10
JournalMalaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Flame Retardants
Polyurethanes
Esters
Phosphates
Soybean Oil
Hydroxyl Radical
Hydrolysis

Keywords

  • Epoxidized soybean oil
  • Fire retardant
  • Palm-based polyurethane
  • Phosphate ester

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

Poliuretana sawit dengan ester fosfat soya sebagai perencat api. / Adawiyah Norzali, Nor Rabbi atul; Badri, Khairiah; Ping, Ong Soo; Ahmad, Ishak.

In: Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2014, p. 456-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adawiyah Norzali, Nor Rabbi atul ; Badri, Khairiah ; Ping, Ong Soo ; Ahmad, Ishak. / Poliuretana sawit dengan ester fosfat soya sebagai perencat api. In: Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 456-465.
@article{9de939b83f114be0a6b187b9ca058462,
title = "Poliuretana sawit dengan ester fosfat soya sebagai perencat api",
abstract = "Palm-based polyurethane (PU) with soybean oil phosphate ester (PE) as a fire retardant was prepared. The effect of PE to the mechanical and burning properties of the PU was investigated. The PE was synthesized via ring-opening hydrolysis between o-phosphoric acid (o-H3PO4) and epoxidized soybean oil. The synthesis was conducted at 60-70 °C. The concentration of o-H3PO4 was varied at 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 wt{\%}. PE with 2.5 wt{\%} H3PO4 showed the lowest acid value (2.8 mg·g-1) but high hydroxyl value (351.6 mg·g-1). PU containing PE (PU-PE) has higher density (60-61 kg·m-3) compared to control PU (49.7 kg·m-3). Burning rate decreased from 2.16×10-3 m·s-1 for control PU to 1.26×10-3 m·s-1, 1.06 10-3 m·s-1 and 0.6×10-3m·s-1 for PU-PE at 5, 10 and 15 wt{\%} PE respectively. However, the addition of PE into the PU system gradually decreased the compression stress and modulus of the PU-PE.",
keywords = "Epoxidized soybean oil, Fire retardant, Palm-based polyurethane, Phosphate ester",
author = "{Adawiyah Norzali}, {Nor Rabbi atul} and Khairiah Badri and Ping, {Ong Soo} and Ishak Ahmad",
year = "2014",
language = "Undefined/Unknown",
volume = "18",
pages = "456--465",
journal = "Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences",
issn = "1394-2506",
publisher = "Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poliuretana sawit dengan ester fosfat soya sebagai perencat api

AU - Adawiyah Norzali, Nor Rabbi atul

AU - Badri, Khairiah

AU - Ping, Ong Soo

AU - Ahmad, Ishak

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Palm-based polyurethane (PU) with soybean oil phosphate ester (PE) as a fire retardant was prepared. The effect of PE to the mechanical and burning properties of the PU was investigated. The PE was synthesized via ring-opening hydrolysis between o-phosphoric acid (o-H3PO4) and epoxidized soybean oil. The synthesis was conducted at 60-70 °C. The concentration of o-H3PO4 was varied at 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 wt%. PE with 2.5 wt% H3PO4 showed the lowest acid value (2.8 mg·g-1) but high hydroxyl value (351.6 mg·g-1). PU containing PE (PU-PE) has higher density (60-61 kg·m-3) compared to control PU (49.7 kg·m-3). Burning rate decreased from 2.16×10-3 m·s-1 for control PU to 1.26×10-3 m·s-1, 1.06 10-3 m·s-1 and 0.6×10-3m·s-1 for PU-PE at 5, 10 and 15 wt% PE respectively. However, the addition of PE into the PU system gradually decreased the compression stress and modulus of the PU-PE.

AB - Palm-based polyurethane (PU) with soybean oil phosphate ester (PE) as a fire retardant was prepared. The effect of PE to the mechanical and burning properties of the PU was investigated. The PE was synthesized via ring-opening hydrolysis between o-phosphoric acid (o-H3PO4) and epoxidized soybean oil. The synthesis was conducted at 60-70 °C. The concentration of o-H3PO4 was varied at 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 wt%. PE with 2.5 wt% H3PO4 showed the lowest acid value (2.8 mg·g-1) but high hydroxyl value (351.6 mg·g-1). PU containing PE (PU-PE) has higher density (60-61 kg·m-3) compared to control PU (49.7 kg·m-3). Burning rate decreased from 2.16×10-3 m·s-1 for control PU to 1.26×10-3 m·s-1, 1.06 10-3 m·s-1 and 0.6×10-3m·s-1 for PU-PE at 5, 10 and 15 wt% PE respectively. However, the addition of PE into the PU system gradually decreased the compression stress and modulus of the PU-PE.

KW - Epoxidized soybean oil

KW - Fire retardant

KW - Palm-based polyurethane

KW - Phosphate ester

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906734523&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906734523&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84906734523

VL - 18

SP - 456

EP - 465

JO - Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences

JF - Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences

SN - 1394-2506

IS - 2

ER -