Palm-based polyurethane-ionic liquid gel polymer electrolyte for quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell

Mohd Sukor Su'ait, F. N. Jumaah, H. M. Faizzi, S. Mamat, Norasikin Ahmad Ludin, W. A. Farhan, A. Haron, N. Atifah, M. N. Latif, Khairiah Badri, Azizan Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the effect of palm-based polyurethane (PU) gel polymer electrolytes with the addition of 1-methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (MPII) on quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was investigated. The PU was synthesized prior via pre-polymerization technique under nitrogen atmosphere. Different weight percentage of MPII ranging from 10 to 30 wt.% were added in PU solution to form a gel-polymer electrolyte. The chemical interactions of electrolytes were examined using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Meanwhile, the ionic conductivities of electrolytes and photovoltaic characteristics of quasi-solid state DSSC were investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and current-voltage (IV) measurements. FTIR spectrum proved there were interactions between PU and MPII at N–H stretching, N–H bending and C[dbnd]O stretching. The highest ionic conductivity values achieved were 9.07 × 10−4 S cm−1 for PU–25 wt.% MPII system. These results were supported by the decrement of the glass transition temperature (Tg) upon the addition of MPII which has also been proven by DSC results. The thermal stability measured by TGA also indicated that there were interactions which occurred between PU and MPII, correlated with the increment of ionic conductivities. The current-voltage characteristics of fabricated quasi-solid state DSSC (FTO/TiO2-dye/PU-MPII-I2/Pt at 25 wt.% MPII) demonstrated highest power conversion efficiency of 1.00% under a standard AM 1.5G illumination. These promising results could be a first step toward a new generation of low-cost and effective quasi-solid state DSSC from bio-based polymer electrolytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-413
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume113
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

photovoltaic cells
polyurethanes
iodides
electrolytes
dyes
polymers
gels
thermogravimetry
infrared spectroscopy
differential scanning calorimetry
dielectric spectroscopy
chemical interactions
solar energy
glass transition temperature
ionic liquids
thermal stability
polymerization
lighting

Keywords

  • 1-Methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide
  • Bio-based polyurethane
  • Dye sensitised solar cell
  • Polymer electrolytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Palm-based polyurethane-ionic liquid gel polymer electrolyte for quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell. / Su'ait, Mohd Sukor; Jumaah, F. N.; Faizzi, H. M.; Mamat, S.; Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin; Farhan, W. A.; Haron, A.; Atifah, N.; Latif, M. N.; Badri, Khairiah; Ahmad, Azizan.

In: Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 113, 01.03.2018, p. 406-413.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In this study, the effect of palm-based polyurethane (PU) gel polymer electrolytes with the addition of 1-methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (MPII) on quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was investigated. The PU was synthesized prior via pre-polymerization technique under nitrogen atmosphere. Different weight percentage of MPII ranging from 10 to 30 wt.{\%} were added in PU solution to form a gel-polymer electrolyte. The chemical interactions of electrolytes were examined using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Meanwhile, the ionic conductivities of electrolytes and photovoltaic characteristics of quasi-solid state DSSC were investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and current-voltage (IV) measurements. FTIR spectrum proved there were interactions between PU and MPII at N–H stretching, N–H bending and C[dbnd]O stretching. The highest ionic conductivity values achieved were 9.07 × 10−4 S cm−1 for PU–25 wt.{\%} MPII system. These results were supported by the decrement of the glass transition temperature (Tg) upon the addition of MPII which has also been proven by DSC results. The thermal stability measured by TGA also indicated that there were interactions which occurred between PU and MPII, correlated with the increment of ionic conductivities. The current-voltage characteristics of fabricated quasi-solid state DSSC (FTO/TiO2-dye/PU-MPII-I2/Pt at 25 wt.{\%} MPII) demonstrated highest power conversion efficiency of 1.00{\%} under a standard AM 1.5G illumination. These promising results could be a first step toward a new generation of low-cost and effective quasi-solid state DSSC from bio-based polymer electrolytes.",
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author = "Su'ait, {Mohd Sukor} and Jumaah, {F. N.} and Faizzi, {H. M.} and S. Mamat and {Ahmad Ludin}, Norasikin and Farhan, {W. A.} and A. Haron and N. Atifah and Latif, {M. N.} and Khairiah Badri and Azizan Ahmad",
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T1 - Palm-based polyurethane-ionic liquid gel polymer electrolyte for quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell

AU - Su'ait, Mohd Sukor

AU - Jumaah, F. N.

AU - Faizzi, H. M.

AU - Mamat, S.

AU - Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin

AU - Farhan, W. A.

AU - Haron, A.

AU - Atifah, N.

AU - Latif, M. N.

AU - Badri, Khairiah

AU - Ahmad, Azizan

PY - 2018/3/1

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N2 - In this study, the effect of palm-based polyurethane (PU) gel polymer electrolytes with the addition of 1-methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (MPII) on quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was investigated. The PU was synthesized prior via pre-polymerization technique under nitrogen atmosphere. Different weight percentage of MPII ranging from 10 to 30 wt.% were added in PU solution to form a gel-polymer electrolyte. The chemical interactions of electrolytes were examined using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Meanwhile, the ionic conductivities of electrolytes and photovoltaic characteristics of quasi-solid state DSSC were investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and current-voltage (IV) measurements. FTIR spectrum proved there were interactions between PU and MPII at N–H stretching, N–H bending and C[dbnd]O stretching. The highest ionic conductivity values achieved were 9.07 × 10−4 S cm−1 for PU–25 wt.% MPII system. These results were supported by the decrement of the glass transition temperature (Tg) upon the addition of MPII which has also been proven by DSC results. The thermal stability measured by TGA also indicated that there were interactions which occurred between PU and MPII, correlated with the increment of ionic conductivities. The current-voltage characteristics of fabricated quasi-solid state DSSC (FTO/TiO2-dye/PU-MPII-I2/Pt at 25 wt.% MPII) demonstrated highest power conversion efficiency of 1.00% under a standard AM 1.5G illumination. These promising results could be a first step toward a new generation of low-cost and effective quasi-solid state DSSC from bio-based polymer electrolytes.

AB - In this study, the effect of palm-based polyurethane (PU) gel polymer electrolytes with the addition of 1-methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (MPII) on quasi-solid state dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was investigated. The PU was synthesized prior via pre-polymerization technique under nitrogen atmosphere. Different weight percentage of MPII ranging from 10 to 30 wt.% were added in PU solution to form a gel-polymer electrolyte. The chemical interactions of electrolytes were examined using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Meanwhile, the ionic conductivities of electrolytes and photovoltaic characteristics of quasi-solid state DSSC were investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and current-voltage (IV) measurements. FTIR spectrum proved there were interactions between PU and MPII at N–H stretching, N–H bending and C[dbnd]O stretching. The highest ionic conductivity values achieved were 9.07 × 10−4 S cm−1 for PU–25 wt.% MPII system. These results were supported by the decrement of the glass transition temperature (Tg) upon the addition of MPII which has also been proven by DSC results. The thermal stability measured by TGA also indicated that there were interactions which occurred between PU and MPII, correlated with the increment of ionic conductivities. The current-voltage characteristics of fabricated quasi-solid state DSSC (FTO/TiO2-dye/PU-MPII-I2/Pt at 25 wt.% MPII) demonstrated highest power conversion efficiency of 1.00% under a standard AM 1.5G illumination. These promising results could be a first step toward a new generation of low-cost and effective quasi-solid state DSSC from bio-based polymer electrolytes.

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KW - Dye sensitised solar cell

KW - Polymer electrolytes

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