Overview on the production of paraffin based-biofuels via catalytic hydrodeoxygenation

Masita Mohammad, Thushara Kandaramath Hari, Zahira Yaakob, Yogesh Chandra Sharma, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the challenging issues faced by the modern world is the scarcity of fossil fuels, a result of the increasing use of fuel for transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an alternative fuel source that can replace non-renewable fossil fuels. The use of biomass-derived fuels in place of conventional fuels is an emerging field of interest, and studies are on-going to find a solution to avoid a future energy crisis. Hydrodeoxygenation, which converts biofeed to hydrocarbon fuels that have all the qualities of conventional fossil fuels, is one of the most interesting and promising techniques in this field. The hydrodeoxygenation of vegetable oils to biofuel is an area in development. In the present paper, an overview of the catalysts used for hydrodeoxygenation of various vegetable oils is presented. In addition, the nature of the catalysts and reaction conditions necessary for the desired activity and selectivity of the catalysts are included. The current state of the field, trends in production processes and a brief description of commonly used feedstocks are presented as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-132
Number of pages12
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Paraffins
Fossil fuels
Vegetable oils
Catalysts
Catalyst selectivity
Alternative fuels
Feedstocks
Catalyst activity
Biomass
Hydrocarbons

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Catalyst
  • Decarboxylation
  • Hydrodeoxygenation
  • Paraffin
  • Vegetable oils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Overview on the production of paraffin based-biofuels via catalytic hydrodeoxygenation. / Mohammad, Masita; Kandaramath Hari, Thushara; Yaakob, Zahira; Chandra Sharma, Yogesh; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 22, 2013, p. 121-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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