Overview on the current trends in biodiesel production

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

304 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The finite nature of fossil fuels necessitates consideration of alternative fuels from renewable sources. The term biofuel refers to liquid, gas and solid fuels predominantly produced from biomass. Biofuels include bioethanol, biomethanol, biodiesel and biohydrogen. Biodiesel, defined as the monoalkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats, is an attractive alternative fuel because it is environmentally friendly and can be synthesized from edible and non-edible oils. Here, we review the various methods for the production of biodiesel from vegetable oil, such as direct use and blending, microemulsion, pyrolysis and transesterification. The advantages and disadvantages of the different biodiesel-production methods are also discussed. Finally, we analyze the economics of biodiesel production using Malaysia as a case study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2741-2751
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Vegetable oils
Alternative fuels
Biofuels
Bioethanol
Transesterification
Microemulsions
Oils and fats
Fossil fuels
Esters
Animals
Biomass
Pyrolysis
Economics
Liquids
Gases

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Biofuel
  • Economy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Overview on the current trends in biodiesel production. / Yusuf, N. N A N; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Yaakob, Zahira.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 52, No. 7, 07.2011, p. 2741-2751.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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