Overview of the production of biodiesel from Waste cooking oil

Zahira Yaakob, Masita Mohammad, Mohammad Alherbawi, Zahangir Alam, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

239 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, biodiesel has attracted significant attention from researchers, governments, and industries as a renewable, biodegradable, and non-toxic fuel. However, several feedstocks have been proven impractical or infeasible because of their extremely high cost due to their usage primarily as food resources. Waste cooking oil (WCO) is considered the most promising biodiesel feedstock despite its drawbacks, such as its high free fatty acid (FFA) and water contents. This review paper provides a comprehensive overview of the pre-treatment and the usage of WCO for the production of biodiesel using several methods, different types of reactors, and various types and amounts of alcohol and catalysts. The most common process in the production of biodiesel is transesterification, and using a methanol-ethanol mixture will combine the advantages of both alcohols in biodiesel production. In addition, this paper highlights the purification and analysis of the produced biodiesel, operating parameters that highly affect the biodiesel yield, and several economic studies. This review suggests that WCO is a promising feedstock in biodiesel production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-193
Number of pages10
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Cooking
Biodiesel
Feedstocks
Alcohols
Oils
Transesterification
Fatty acids
Water content
Purification
Methanol
Ethanol
Economics
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Methyl ester
  • Renewable energy
  • Transesterification
  • Vegetable oil
  • Waste cooking oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Overview of the production of biodiesel from Waste cooking oil. / Yaakob, Zahira; Mohammad, Masita; Alherbawi, Mohammad; Alam, Zahangir; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 18, 2013, p. 184-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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