Overview of the potential of bio-succinic acid production from oil palm fronds

Jian Ping Tan, Jamaliah Md Jahim, Shuhaida Harun, Ta Yeong Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The realisation on the environmental impact, depletion of fossil fuel and the importance of sustainable technology are among the driving forces for replacing petrochemical approaches with biological methods. Bio-succinic acid production in this regards was listed as one of the potential chemical building blocks to be commercially produced via biological approach by the United States Department of Energy in 2004. Bio-succinic acid production has a net zero carbon footprints and 30%-40% less energy consumption. Moreover, the economic potential has surpassed the conventional petrochemical approach. This had led to the commercialisation of bio-succinic acid around the world in the past three years. This mini review serves to investigate the potential of oil palm fronds for the production of bio-succinic acid. Different reported renewable carbon sources for the production of bio-succinic acid were compared with oil palm fronds in terms of cost and availability. There is approximately 250 million metric tonnes of oil palm fronds with 68.3% structural carbohydrate. It has an approximate potential capacity of producing as much as 30.8 million metric tonnes of bio-succinic acid per annum worldwide. Oil palm fronds turned out to be the cheapest biomass (lower than USD 20/tonne) as compared to the other 12 biomasses reported for the production of bio-succinic acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-72
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Physical Science
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Succinic Acid
oils
acids
Acids
biomass
Petrochemicals
Biomass
Carbon footprint
fossil fuels
commercialization
carbon
Chemical potential
carbohydrates
energy consumption
footprints
Carbohydrates
Fossil fuels
availability
Environmental impact

Keywords

  • Acid production
  • Bio-succinic acid
  • Carbon footprints
  • Oil palm fronds
  • Sustainable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Overview of the potential of bio-succinic acid production from oil palm fronds. / Tan, Jian Ping; Md Jahim, Jamaliah; Harun, Shuhaida; Wu, Ta Yeong.

In: Journal of Physical Science, Vol. 28, 2017, p. 53-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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