Overview biohydrogen technologies and application in fuel cell technology

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen (H2) gas is a clean energy carrier and has high energy density. Currently, most H2 gas is produced by carbon-based non-renewable sources, such as natural gases, coal, heavy oil and naptha, as well as from the electrolysis of water. However, the production of H2 from fossil fuels generates greenhouse gases and requires high energy. Thus, it is important to develop alternative H2 production routes that are renewable, such as biohydrogen. This paper focuses on reviewing and discussing biohydrogen production technologies, including the mechanism and bioreactor system, and the biohydrogen purification system using membrane technology in the application of the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). In addition, the sizes of bioreactor required to generate H2 to power the PEMFC stack are calculated and compared in order to determine the potential application of hydrogen production through the biological pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-162
Number of pages26
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Bioreactors
Membrane technology
Hydrogen production
Gases
Fossil fuels
Electrolysis
Greenhouse gases
Purification
Natural gas
Crude oil
Coal
Hydrogen
Carbon
Water

Keywords

  • Biohydrogen
  • Bioreactor
  • Gas purification
  • Membrane
  • PEMFC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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title = "Overview biohydrogen technologies and application in fuel cell technology",
abstract = "Hydrogen (H2) gas is a clean energy carrier and has high energy density. Currently, most H2 gas is produced by carbon-based non-renewable sources, such as natural gases, coal, heavy oil and naptha, as well as from the electrolysis of water. However, the production of H2 from fossil fuels generates greenhouse gases and requires high energy. Thus, it is important to develop alternative H2 production routes that are renewable, such as biohydrogen. This paper focuses on reviewing and discussing biohydrogen production technologies, including the mechanism and bioreactor system, and the biohydrogen purification system using membrane technology in the application of the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). In addition, the sizes of bioreactor required to generate H2 to power the PEMFC stack are calculated and compared in order to determine the potential application of hydrogen production through the biological pathway.",
keywords = "Biohydrogen, Bioreactor, Gas purification, Membrane, PEMFC",
author = "Rahman, {S. N A} and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin} and Rosli, {Masli Irwan} and Edy Herianto and Teuku Husaini and Kamarudin, {S. K.} and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli}",
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journal = "Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Overview biohydrogen technologies and application in fuel cell technology

AU - Rahman, S. N A

AU - Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin

AU - Rosli, Masli Irwan

AU - Herianto, Edy

AU - Husaini, Teuku

AU - Kamarudin, S. K.

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Hydrogen (H2) gas is a clean energy carrier and has high energy density. Currently, most H2 gas is produced by carbon-based non-renewable sources, such as natural gases, coal, heavy oil and naptha, as well as from the electrolysis of water. However, the production of H2 from fossil fuels generates greenhouse gases and requires high energy. Thus, it is important to develop alternative H2 production routes that are renewable, such as biohydrogen. This paper focuses on reviewing and discussing biohydrogen production technologies, including the mechanism and bioreactor system, and the biohydrogen purification system using membrane technology in the application of the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). In addition, the sizes of bioreactor required to generate H2 to power the PEMFC stack are calculated and compared in order to determine the potential application of hydrogen production through the biological pathway.

AB - Hydrogen (H2) gas is a clean energy carrier and has high energy density. Currently, most H2 gas is produced by carbon-based non-renewable sources, such as natural gases, coal, heavy oil and naptha, as well as from the electrolysis of water. However, the production of H2 from fossil fuels generates greenhouse gases and requires high energy. Thus, it is important to develop alternative H2 production routes that are renewable, such as biohydrogen. This paper focuses on reviewing and discussing biohydrogen production technologies, including the mechanism and bioreactor system, and the biohydrogen purification system using membrane technology in the application of the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). In addition, the sizes of bioreactor required to generate H2 to power the PEMFC stack are calculated and compared in order to determine the potential application of hydrogen production through the biological pathway.

KW - Biohydrogen

KW - Bioreactor

KW - Gas purification

KW - Membrane

KW - PEMFC

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U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2016.07.047

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2016.07.047

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JO - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

JF - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

SN - 1364-0321

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