Oral status and its association with oral health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults

Tanti Irawati Rosli, Chan Yoke Mun, Rahimah Abdul Kadir, Lena Lay Ling Yeap, Tengku Aizan Abdul Hamid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Poor oral conditions among older adults can cause significant impacts to their overall quality of life. Older adults with reduced number of functional teeth and dental diseases may experience difficulty in daily activities like chewing and eating. The aim of this study is to assess the association between oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among a group of community-dwelling older adults in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 436 older adults aged 50 years and above from 20 randomly selected villages in the state. Respondents were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to collect information on their demographic characteristics. Clinical oral examination was carried out to determine the oral health conditions of older people. The validated Malay version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was used to measure OHRQoL. Total GOHAI score ranged from 12 to 60 with higher scores indicate better OHRQoL. Majority (77.1%) of the older adults had less than 20 teeth and about 18.3% were edentulous (total tooth loss). All dentate respondents had experienced dental caries. The median GOHAI score was 54.5 (IQR 50-57). About 25.5% of the older adults perceived their oral health as good, while 74.5% had poor perception on oral health. Bivariate analysis showed that less than 20 teeth and high dental caries experience were significantly associated with poor OHRQoL. A significantly higher proportion of older adults with less than 20 teeth limit the kinds of food intake, had trouble biting or chewing, and experienced tooth sensitivity. The physical functioning and well-being of the older people may be disrupted due to oral diseases. Measures of OHRQoL are important as to complement the clinical oral findings in identifying treatment needs of the geriatric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume2018
Issue numberSpecialissue1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Independent Living
Oral Health
Quality of Life
Geriatrics
Tooth
Mastication
Dental Caries
Mouth Diseases
Tooth Diseases
Eating
Dentin Sensitivity
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth Loss
Oral Diagnosis
Malaysia

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • GOHAI
  • Oral health
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Oral status and its association with oral health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. / Rosli, Tanti Irawati; Mun, Chan Yoke; Kadir, Rahimah Abdul; Yeap, Lena Lay Ling; Hamid, Tengku Aizan Abdul.

In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Vol. 2018, No. Specialissue1, 31.03.2018, p. 107-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rosli, Tanti Irawati ; Mun, Chan Yoke ; Kadir, Rahimah Abdul ; Yeap, Lena Lay Ling ; Hamid, Tengku Aizan Abdul. / Oral status and its association with oral health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 2018, No. Specialissue1. pp. 107-114.
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