Oral health status in children and adolescents with haemophilia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This case-controlled study aimed to evaluate the existing oral health status in children and adolescents with haemophilia. A total of 50 haemophilia patients and 50 matched controls aged seven to 16years were recruited into the study. Clinical examination was carried out to determine dental caries experience, oral hygiene status and gingival condition in these two groups. Information regarding previous dental history, oral hygiene practices and dietary habits were also obtained. No significant difference was found in mean caries experience in primary and secondary dentitions (P=0.86 and 0.32) and in Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S, P=0.20) between both groups. However, a significantly higher proportion of haemophilia patients (24%) had better oral hygiene status as compared to the controls (2%, P=0.004). Furthermore, there was a significant difference in Modified Gingival Index (MGI, P=0.02) between the two groups with the study group having less gingival inflammation. A total of 88% (n=44) of the haemophilia patients were registered and received dental treatment in specialist dental clinics. More than half (56%, n=28) had frequent dental visits and only one-third of the haemophilia patients had history of hospitalization due to oral problems. There was no significant difference in oral hygiene practices and dietary habits between both groups. In general, haemophilia children and adolescents in this study had similar caries experience, a significantly better oral hygiene status and gingival health as compared to healthy controls. The main reason for this is the multidisciplinary approach implemented by medical health-care professionals as primary care provider and the dental team.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-611
Number of pages7
JournalHaemophilia
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

Fingerprint

Oral Health
Hemophilia A
Oral Hygiene
Health Status
Tooth
Feeding Behavior
Oral Hygiene Index
Permanent Dentition
Dental Clinics
Periodontal Index
Deciduous Tooth
Dental Caries
Primary Health Care
Hospitalization
History
Inflammation
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Dental health
  • Haemophilia
  • Malaysia
  • Oral health status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Oral health status in children and adolescents with haemophilia. / Othman, N. A A; M.P Sockalingam, S. Nagarajan; Mahyuddin, Alida.

In: Haemophilia, Vol. 21, No. 5, 01.09.2015, p. 605-611.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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