Oral and maxillofacial trauma caused by road traffic accident in two university hospitals in Malaysia: A cross-sectional study

Rifqah Nordin, Normastura Abdul Rahman, Muhd Fazlynizam Rashdi, Azizah Yusoff, Roselinda Abdul Rahman, Saperi Sulong, Amrizal Muhd Nur, Noorhayati Abdul Razak, Mohd Nazimi Abd Jabar, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Norlen Mohamed, Sharifah Hapsah Raja Ahmad, Roszalina Ramli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Maxillofacial injuries are one of the most common injuries among the road traffic accident (RTA) cases in Malaysia. The aim of this present study was to compare the pattern of maxillofacial injuries, severity and risk factors in two university hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia. The predictors of maxillofacial fractures were also quantified. Study design: This is a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) and Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) from July 2010 to June 2011. Information related to demographics, socioeconomics, injury site and severity together with hospitalisation details were collected for analysis. Results: A total of 278 maxillofacial patients were included in this study. Majority of the patients were single young Malay males with low socioeconomic status. Mid-facial fractures were more common than mandibular fractures in both hospitals. Among the concomitant injuries, orthopaedic injuries were shown to be the commonest in both hospitals. Most of these patients had mild Injury Severity Score (ISS). The final predictors for facial fractures in UKMMC were gender and the ISS while age group, gender, type of combined injuries and the ISS were shown for HUSM. Conclusions: Midfacial fractures were the most common maxillofacial fractures in both hospitals. HUSM patients showed more severe injury patterns compared to UKMMC patients. Significant predictors for facial fractures were the Injury Severity Score for UKMMC while age, gender and type of combined injuries were shown for HUSM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

Fingerprint

Traffic Accidents
Malaysia
Cross-Sectional Studies
Wounds and Injuries
Injury Severity Score
Maxillofacial Injuries
Mandibular Fractures
Social Class
Orthopedics
Hospitalization
Age Groups
Demography

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Maxillofacial injuries
  • Predictors
  • Road traffic accident

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

Oral and maxillofacial trauma caused by road traffic accident in two university hospitals in Malaysia : A cross-sectional study. / Nordin, Rifqah; Rahman, Normastura Abdul; Rashdi, Muhd Fazlynizam; Yusoff, Azizah; Rahman, Roselinda Abdul; Sulong, Saperi; Nur, Amrizal Muhd; Razak, Noorhayati Abdul; Abd Jabar, Mohd Nazimi; Ibrahim, Mohd Ismail; Mohamed, Norlen; Ahmad, Sharifah Hapsah Raja; Ramli, Roszalina.

In: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology, Vol. 27, No. 2, 01.03.2015, p. 166-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nordin, Rifqah ; Rahman, Normastura Abdul ; Rashdi, Muhd Fazlynizam ; Yusoff, Azizah ; Rahman, Roselinda Abdul ; Sulong, Saperi ; Nur, Amrizal Muhd ; Razak, Noorhayati Abdul ; Abd Jabar, Mohd Nazimi ; Ibrahim, Mohd Ismail ; Mohamed, Norlen ; Ahmad, Sharifah Hapsah Raja ; Ramli, Roszalina. / Oral and maxillofacial trauma caused by road traffic accident in two university hospitals in Malaysia : A cross-sectional study. In: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology. 2015 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 166-171.
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AU - Nordin, Rifqah

AU - Rahman, Normastura Abdul

AU - Rashdi, Muhd Fazlynizam

AU - Yusoff, Azizah

AU - Rahman, Roselinda Abdul

AU - Sulong, Saperi

AU - Nur, Amrizal Muhd

AU - Razak, Noorhayati Abdul

AU - Abd Jabar, Mohd Nazimi

AU - Ibrahim, Mohd Ismail

AU - Mohamed, Norlen

AU - Ahmad, Sharifah Hapsah Raja

AU - Ramli, Roszalina

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N2 - Background: Maxillofacial injuries are one of the most common injuries among the road traffic accident (RTA) cases in Malaysia. The aim of this present study was to compare the pattern of maxillofacial injuries, severity and risk factors in two university hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia. The predictors of maxillofacial fractures were also quantified. Study design: This is a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) and Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) from July 2010 to June 2011. Information related to demographics, socioeconomics, injury site and severity together with hospitalisation details were collected for analysis. Results: A total of 278 maxillofacial patients were included in this study. Majority of the patients were single young Malay males with low socioeconomic status. Mid-facial fractures were more common than mandibular fractures in both hospitals. Among the concomitant injuries, orthopaedic injuries were shown to be the commonest in both hospitals. Most of these patients had mild Injury Severity Score (ISS). The final predictors for facial fractures in UKMMC were gender and the ISS while age group, gender, type of combined injuries and the ISS were shown for HUSM. Conclusions: Midfacial fractures were the most common maxillofacial fractures in both hospitals. HUSM patients showed more severe injury patterns compared to UKMMC patients. Significant predictors for facial fractures were the Injury Severity Score for UKMMC while age, gender and type of combined injuries were shown for HUSM.

AB - Background: Maxillofacial injuries are one of the most common injuries among the road traffic accident (RTA) cases in Malaysia. The aim of this present study was to compare the pattern of maxillofacial injuries, severity and risk factors in two university hospitals in Peninsular Malaysia. The predictors of maxillofacial fractures were also quantified. Study design: This is a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) and Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) from July 2010 to June 2011. Information related to demographics, socioeconomics, injury site and severity together with hospitalisation details were collected for analysis. Results: A total of 278 maxillofacial patients were included in this study. Majority of the patients were single young Malay males with low socioeconomic status. Mid-facial fractures were more common than mandibular fractures in both hospitals. Among the concomitant injuries, orthopaedic injuries were shown to be the commonest in both hospitals. Most of these patients had mild Injury Severity Score (ISS). The final predictors for facial fractures in UKMMC were gender and the ISS while age group, gender, type of combined injuries and the ISS were shown for HUSM. Conclusions: Midfacial fractures were the most common maxillofacial fractures in both hospitals. HUSM patients showed more severe injury patterns compared to UKMMC patients. Significant predictors for facial fractures were the Injury Severity Score for UKMMC while age, gender and type of combined injuries were shown for HUSM.

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Maxillofacial injuries

KW - Predictors

KW - Road traffic accident

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