Optimized model for energy aware location aided routing protocol in MANET

Alhraishawi Taj Aldeen Naser Abdali, Ravie Chandren Muniyandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy optimization for MANETs is essential to prolong the life time of the network. Location Aided Routing (LAR) is one of the reactive routing protocols where the nodes use their location information to assist in routing. LAR is very efficient in maintaining a good packet delivery ratio and other network measures. However, one of the common problems in LAR is that its energy unaware or it does not utilize the energy information in the routing. In this article, a developed Energy Aware LAR (EA-LAR) is proposed and simulated. It uses energy in routing based on a criterion function designed based on five important factors in the network. EA-LAR uses a PSO with mutation to optimize the criterion function. The Performance metrics that have used are packet deliver ratio, end to end delay, and overhead and energy consumption. The results have shown that EA-LAR outperformed other benchmark of energy improved LAR protocol from perspective of most evaluation measures. Most importantly, the energy consumption for one packet has been reduced with a percentage of 93% when the number of nodes was 100 nodes with a PDR improvement of 67%. This developed model can be generalized to other protocols to reduce energy consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4631-4637
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Volume12
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Routing protocols
Energy utilization
Particle swarm optimization (PSO)
Network protocols

Keywords

  • Energy aware LAR (EA-LAR)
  • Energy optimization
  • Mobile ad-hoc network (MANET)
  • Particle swarm optimization (PSO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Optimized model for energy aware location aided routing protocol in MANET. / Naser Abdali, Alhraishawi Taj Aldeen; Muniyandi, Ravie Chandren.

In: International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 12, No. 14, 01.01.2017, p. 4631-4637.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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