Optimization on epoxidation of palm olein by using performic acid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The epoxidation process of palm olein (POo) was carried out by using in situ generated performic acid (HCOOOH) to produce epoxidized palm olein (EPO). HCOOOH was produced by mixing of formic acid (HCOOH) as oxygen carrier and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as oxygen donor in various ratio of POo: HCOOH: H2O2. The effect of HCOOH and H2O2 concentration, temperature, stirring effect and reaction time were studied. The presence of oxirane ring of EPO was characterised by fourier transformation infra-red (FTIR), proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR and 13C-NMR) spectra. The results showed that an optimum oxirane oxygen content (OOC) value was obtained by using mol ratio of 1: 5: 2 at 150 minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1440-1448
Number of pages9
JournalE-Journal of Chemistry
Volume7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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Epoxidation
Ethylene Oxide
formic acid
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Oxygen
Thermal effects
Hydrogen Peroxide
Protons
Carbon
Infrared radiation
peroxyformic acid

Keywords

  • Epoxidation
  • Oxirane ring
  • Oxygen oxirane content
  • Palm olein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Optimization on epoxidation of palm olein by using performic acid. / Derawi, Darfizzi; Salimon, Jumat.

In: E-Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 7, No. 4, 10.2010, p. 1440-1448.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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