Optimization of process parameters using D-optimal design for synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles via sol-gel technique

Muneer M. Ba-Abbad, Abdul Amir H. Kadhum, Abu Bakar Mohamad, Mohd Sobri Takriff, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The experimental conditions for the synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles to produce minimal size were optimized using the D-optimal design. The influence of process parameters involves molar ratio of the starting materials, pH and the calcination temperature on the particle size were evaluated using the polynomial regression. The optimum conditions revealed by the model for obtaining a minimum particle size of ZnO were predicted to have a molar ratio of 1.76, pH of 1.50 and calcination at 402.2. °C. The obtainable particle size upon applying the model is 22.9. nm in compare to experimental result of 18±2 nm was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2013

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Sol-gels
Particle size
Nanoparticles
Calcination
Polynomials
Optimal design
Temperature

Keywords

  • D-optimal design
  • Optimization
  • Sol-gel
  • ZnO nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Optimization of process parameters using D-optimal design for synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles via sol-gel technique. / Ba-Abbad, Muneer M.; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar; Takriff, Mohd Sobri; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 19, No. 1, 25.01.2013, p. 99-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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