Optimization of oil palm empty fruit bunches value chain in peninsular malaysia

Nowilin James Rubinsin, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Siti Kartom Kamarudin, Mohd Shahbudin Masdar, Masli Irwan Rosli, Sheila Samsatli, John Frederick Tapia, Wan Azlina Wan Ab Karim Ghani, Kean Long Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Empty fruit bunches (EFB) are valuable palm oil mill waste that could be used to produce multiple products in the form of energy, chemicals, and materials. Therefore, efficient utilization of these biomass resources is essential to optimize the profitability of the industry while addressing environmental issues. In this study, a decision-support tool is developed to perform economic and environmental analyses of the future expansion of the palm oil industry. The sequential steps in the modeling and optimization of the EFB value chain are discussed. This study consists of four processing stages: converting EFB into intermediates and products, transportation networks, direct sale of products, and further processing of products. The proposed tool includes a mathematical model that considers biomass, production, transportation, and emission treatment costs from transportation and production activities. The model is solved with the Advanced Interactive Multidimensional Modeling System to determine the maximum profit and analyze biodiesel production. Peninsular Malaysia is selected as a case study. Results reveal the significant economic benefits of EFB utilization. The most profitable cases of EFB utilization are Case A, C, and D, which have the same 47 % profit margin. The maximum profit of the selected utilization pathways in Case A is USD 151,822,904 per year based on different ownerships of all EFB processed, which is 79 % lower than the result of a previous study that ignores the capacity limitations of the respective processing facilities. The environment–food–energy–water nexus is also elaborated in this study. The conclusions are obtained based on the limitation, availability, and parameters or data used in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-194
Number of pages16
JournalFood and Bioproducts Processing
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Malaysia
Elaeis guineensis
supply chain
Fruits
Fruit
Oils
fruits
Profitability
profits and margins
Biomass
Industry
Processing
Economics
industry
economics
processing stages
Biofuels
Ownership
palm oils

Keywords

  • Biomass value chain
  • Empty fruit bunch
  • Nexus
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Optimization of oil palm empty fruit bunches value chain in peninsular malaysia. / James Rubinsin, Nowilin; Daud, Wan Ramli Wan; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin; Rosli, Masli Irwan; Samsatli, Sheila; Tapia, John Frederick; Wan Ab Karim Ghani, Wan Azlina; Lim, Kean Long.

In: Food and Bioproducts Processing, Vol. 119, 01.2020, p. 179-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

James Rubinsin, Nowilin ; Daud, Wan Ramli Wan ; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom ; Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin ; Rosli, Masli Irwan ; Samsatli, Sheila ; Tapia, John Frederick ; Wan Ab Karim Ghani, Wan Azlina ; Lim, Kean Long. / Optimization of oil palm empty fruit bunches value chain in peninsular malaysia. In: Food and Bioproducts Processing. 2020 ; Vol. 119. pp. 179-194.
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