Optimization of headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) for gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of aroma compound in palm sugar (Arenga pinnata)

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Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the optimum sampling temperature, sampling time and types of fibre for the analysis of palm sugar volatile compounds using headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Sampling temperatures used in this study were 30, 40, 50and 60 °C; sampling times were 10, 20, 30 and 40 min; and there were four types of fibre coating, namely polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), polydimethylsiloxane/divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) and polyacrylate (PA). The results showed the most important groups of volatile compounds in palm sugar were N-heterocyclic and O-heterocyclic. The optimum parameter to determine both types of compounds was 50 °C sampling temperature, 10 min sampling time and DVB/CAR/PDMS fibre, with relative standard deviation (RSD) of 11.68% and 9.88%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)822-830
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

Arenga pinnata
Solid Phase Microextraction
odor compounds
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Temperature
sampling
volatile compounds
polyacrylic acid
temperature
coatings
gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
solid phase microextraction
poly(dimethylsiloxane-divinylbenzene)

Keywords

  • Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
  • Headspace analysis
  • Heterocyclic groups volatile compound
  • Palm sugar (Arenga pinnata)
  • Solid phase microextraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

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title = "Optimization of headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) for gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of aroma compound in palm sugar (Arenga pinnata)",
abstract = "This study was carried out to determine the optimum sampling temperature, sampling time and types of fibre for the analysis of palm sugar volatile compounds using headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Sampling temperatures used in this study were 30, 40, 50and 60 °C; sampling times were 10, 20, 30 and 40 min; and there were four types of fibre coating, namely polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), polydimethylsiloxane/divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) and polyacrylate (PA). The results showed the most important groups of volatile compounds in palm sugar were N-heterocyclic and O-heterocyclic. The optimum parameter to determine both types of compounds was 50 °C sampling temperature, 10 min sampling time and DVB/CAR/PDMS fibre, with relative standard deviation (RSD) of 11.68{\%} and 9.88{\%}, respectively.",
keywords = "Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Headspace analysis, Heterocyclic groups volatile compound, Palm sugar (Arenga pinnata), Solid phase microextraction",
author = "Ho, {C. W.} and {Wan Mustapha}, {Wan Aida} and Maskat, {Mohamad Yusof} and Osman Hassan",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.jfca.2006.05.003",
language = "English",
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AU - Ho, C. W.

AU - Wan Mustapha, Wan Aida

AU - Maskat, Mohamad Yusof

AU - Hassan, Osman

PY - 2006/12

Y1 - 2006/12

N2 - This study was carried out to determine the optimum sampling temperature, sampling time and types of fibre for the analysis of palm sugar volatile compounds using headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Sampling temperatures used in this study were 30, 40, 50and 60 °C; sampling times were 10, 20, 30 and 40 min; and there were four types of fibre coating, namely polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), polydimethylsiloxane/divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) and polyacrylate (PA). The results showed the most important groups of volatile compounds in palm sugar were N-heterocyclic and O-heterocyclic. The optimum parameter to determine both types of compounds was 50 °C sampling temperature, 10 min sampling time and DVB/CAR/PDMS fibre, with relative standard deviation (RSD) of 11.68% and 9.88%, respectively.

AB - This study was carried out to determine the optimum sampling temperature, sampling time and types of fibre for the analysis of palm sugar volatile compounds using headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Sampling temperatures used in this study were 30, 40, 50and 60 °C; sampling times were 10, 20, 30 and 40 min; and there were four types of fibre coating, namely polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), polydimethylsiloxane/divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB), divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) and polyacrylate (PA). The results showed the most important groups of volatile compounds in palm sugar were N-heterocyclic and O-heterocyclic. The optimum parameter to determine both types of compounds was 50 °C sampling temperature, 10 min sampling time and DVB/CAR/PDMS fibre, with relative standard deviation (RSD) of 11.68% and 9.88%, respectively.

KW - Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

KW - Headspace analysis

KW - Heterocyclic groups volatile compound

KW - Palm sugar (Arenga pinnata)

KW - Solid phase microextraction

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