Optimization of Culture Conditions for Enhanced Growth, Lipid and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) Production of Aurantiochytrium SW1 by Response Surface Methodology

Yusuf Nazir, Shuwahida Shuib, Mohd. Sahaid Kalil, Yuanda Song, Aidil Abdul Hamid

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Abstract

In this study, optimization of growth, lipid and DHA production of Aurantiochytrium SW1 was carried out using response surface methodology (RSM) in optimizing initial fructose concentration, agitation speed and monosodium glutamate (MSG) concentration. Central composite design was applied as the experimental design and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. ANOVA analysis revealed that the process which adequately represented by quadratic model was significant (p < 0.0001) for all the response. All the three factors were significant (p < 0.005) in influencing the biomass and lipid data while only two factors (agitation speed and MSG) gave significant effect on DHA production (p < 0.005). The estimated optimal conditions for enhanced growth, lipid and DHA production were 70 g/L fructose, 250 rpm agitation speed and 10 g/L MSG. Consequently, the quadratic model was validated by applying the estimated optimum conditions, which confirmed the model validity where 19.0 g/L biomass, 9.13 g/L lipid and 4.75 g/L of DHA were produced. The growth, lipid and DHA were 28, 36 and 35% respectively higher than that produced in the original medium prior to optimization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8909
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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response surface methodology
docosahexaenoic acid
monosodium glutamate
agitation
lipids
fructose
analysis of variance
biomass
experimental design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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title = "Optimization of Culture Conditions for Enhanced Growth, Lipid and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) Production of Aurantiochytrium SW1 by Response Surface Methodology",
abstract = "In this study, optimization of growth, lipid and DHA production of Aurantiochytrium SW1 was carried out using response surface methodology (RSM) in optimizing initial fructose concentration, agitation speed and monosodium glutamate (MSG) concentration. Central composite design was applied as the experimental design and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. ANOVA analysis revealed that the process which adequately represented by quadratic model was significant (p < 0.0001) for all the response. All the three factors were significant (p < 0.005) in influencing the biomass and lipid data while only two factors (agitation speed and MSG) gave significant effect on DHA production (p < 0.005). The estimated optimal conditions for enhanced growth, lipid and DHA production were 70 g/L fructose, 250 rpm agitation speed and 10 g/L MSG. Consequently, the quadratic model was validated by applying the estimated optimum conditions, which confirmed the model validity where 19.0 g/L biomass, 9.13 g/L lipid and 4.75 g/L of DHA were produced. The growth, lipid and DHA were 28, 36 and 35{\%} respectively higher than that produced in the original medium prior to optimization.",
author = "Yusuf Nazir and Shuwahida Shuib and Kalil, {Mohd. Sahaid} and Yuanda Song and {Abdul Hamid}, Aidil",
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AU - Shuib, Shuwahida

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AU - Song, Yuanda

AU - Abdul Hamid, Aidil

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N2 - In this study, optimization of growth, lipid and DHA production of Aurantiochytrium SW1 was carried out using response surface methodology (RSM) in optimizing initial fructose concentration, agitation speed and monosodium glutamate (MSG) concentration. Central composite design was applied as the experimental design and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. ANOVA analysis revealed that the process which adequately represented by quadratic model was significant (p < 0.0001) for all the response. All the three factors were significant (p < 0.005) in influencing the biomass and lipid data while only two factors (agitation speed and MSG) gave significant effect on DHA production (p < 0.005). The estimated optimal conditions for enhanced growth, lipid and DHA production were 70 g/L fructose, 250 rpm agitation speed and 10 g/L MSG. Consequently, the quadratic model was validated by applying the estimated optimum conditions, which confirmed the model validity where 19.0 g/L biomass, 9.13 g/L lipid and 4.75 g/L of DHA were produced. The growth, lipid and DHA were 28, 36 and 35% respectively higher than that produced in the original medium prior to optimization.

AB - In this study, optimization of growth, lipid and DHA production of Aurantiochytrium SW1 was carried out using response surface methodology (RSM) in optimizing initial fructose concentration, agitation speed and monosodium glutamate (MSG) concentration. Central composite design was applied as the experimental design and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data. ANOVA analysis revealed that the process which adequately represented by quadratic model was significant (p < 0.0001) for all the response. All the three factors were significant (p < 0.005) in influencing the biomass and lipid data while only two factors (agitation speed and MSG) gave significant effect on DHA production (p < 0.005). The estimated optimal conditions for enhanced growth, lipid and DHA production were 70 g/L fructose, 250 rpm agitation speed and 10 g/L MSG. Consequently, the quadratic model was validated by applying the estimated optimum conditions, which confirmed the model validity where 19.0 g/L biomass, 9.13 g/L lipid and 4.75 g/L of DHA were produced. The growth, lipid and DHA were 28, 36 and 35% respectively higher than that produced in the original medium prior to optimization.

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