Optical enzymatic biosensor membrane for rapid in situ detection of organohalide in water samples

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An optical biosensor employing immobilized haloalkane dehalogenase (HLD), the halide degrading enzyme for the detection of halogenated organic in environmental water and drinking water samples was developed. The enzymatic biosensor was fabricated by incorporating H+ ion selective chromoionophore ETH5294 and HLD enzyme in a stacked chitosan films system on a glass slide. Hydrolytic dehalogenation of dichloroethane (DCA) by the carbon-halide degrading HLD enzyme resulting in the release of a halogen, a proton and a primary alcohol. The halocarbon concentration was optically transduced by the pH transducer layer as a result of protonation reaction of the chromoionophore pH indicator dye embedded in the underneath layer. The resulting colour change of the protonated chromoionophore was measured by fiber optic reflectance spectrophotometry method. Under optimized conditions the detection limit of the proposed reflectance-based enzymatic biosensor membrane was estimated to be 1 mg L−1 with a wide dynamic linear concentration range of 5–60 mg L−1 DCA (R2 = 0.9792) and satisfactory reproducibility within the relative standard deviation (RSD) range of 3.4–4.3%. Validation test demonstrated that the optical halocarbon biosensor could be a promising tool for rapid (6 min) in situ and direct evaluation of organohalide in river water, tap water and bottled water samples without any sample pre-treatment or extraction steps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume146
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

haloalkane dehalogenase
Biosensors
Halocarbons
Ethylene Dichlorides
Membranes
Water
Drinking Water
Enzymes
Dehalogenation
Halogens
Protonation
Spectrophotometry
Chitosan
Fiber optics
Protons
Transducers
Coloring Agents
Carbon
Rivers
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Biosensor
  • Chitosan
  • Chromoionophore
  • Haloalkane dehalogenase
  • Halogenated hydrocarbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

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title = "Optical enzymatic biosensor membrane for rapid in situ detection of organohalide in water samples",
abstract = "An optical biosensor employing immobilized haloalkane dehalogenase (HLD), the halide degrading enzyme for the detection of halogenated organic in environmental water and drinking water samples was developed. The enzymatic biosensor was fabricated by incorporating H+ ion selective chromoionophore ETH5294 and HLD enzyme in a stacked chitosan films system on a glass slide. Hydrolytic dehalogenation of dichloroethane (DCA) by the carbon-halide degrading HLD enzyme resulting in the release of a halogen, a proton and a primary alcohol. The halocarbon concentration was optically transduced by the pH transducer layer as a result of protonation reaction of the chromoionophore pH indicator dye embedded in the underneath layer. The resulting colour change of the protonated chromoionophore was measured by fiber optic reflectance spectrophotometry method. Under optimized conditions the detection limit of the proposed reflectance-based enzymatic biosensor membrane was estimated to be 1 mg L−1 with a wide dynamic linear concentration range of 5–60 mg L−1 DCA (R2 = 0.9792) and satisfactory reproducibility within the relative standard deviation (RSD) range of 3.4–4.3{\%}. Validation test demonstrated that the optical halocarbon biosensor could be a promising tool for rapid (6 min) in situ and direct evaluation of organohalide in river water, tap water and bottled water samples without any sample pre-treatment or extraction steps.",
keywords = "Biosensor, Chitosan, Chromoionophore, Haloalkane dehalogenase, Halogenated hydrocarbon",
author = "Hidayah Shahar and {Tan @ Chong}, {Ling Ling} and Goh, {Choo Ta} and Lee, {Yook Heng}",
year = "2019",
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AU - Shahar, Hidayah

AU - Tan @ Chong, Ling Ling

AU - Goh, Choo Ta

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PY - 2019/5/1

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N2 - An optical biosensor employing immobilized haloalkane dehalogenase (HLD), the halide degrading enzyme for the detection of halogenated organic in environmental water and drinking water samples was developed. The enzymatic biosensor was fabricated by incorporating H+ ion selective chromoionophore ETH5294 and HLD enzyme in a stacked chitosan films system on a glass slide. Hydrolytic dehalogenation of dichloroethane (DCA) by the carbon-halide degrading HLD enzyme resulting in the release of a halogen, a proton and a primary alcohol. The halocarbon concentration was optically transduced by the pH transducer layer as a result of protonation reaction of the chromoionophore pH indicator dye embedded in the underneath layer. The resulting colour change of the protonated chromoionophore was measured by fiber optic reflectance spectrophotometry method. Under optimized conditions the detection limit of the proposed reflectance-based enzymatic biosensor membrane was estimated to be 1 mg L−1 with a wide dynamic linear concentration range of 5–60 mg L−1 DCA (R2 = 0.9792) and satisfactory reproducibility within the relative standard deviation (RSD) range of 3.4–4.3%. Validation test demonstrated that the optical halocarbon biosensor could be a promising tool for rapid (6 min) in situ and direct evaluation of organohalide in river water, tap water and bottled water samples without any sample pre-treatment or extraction steps.

AB - An optical biosensor employing immobilized haloalkane dehalogenase (HLD), the halide degrading enzyme for the detection of halogenated organic in environmental water and drinking water samples was developed. The enzymatic biosensor was fabricated by incorporating H+ ion selective chromoionophore ETH5294 and HLD enzyme in a stacked chitosan films system on a glass slide. Hydrolytic dehalogenation of dichloroethane (DCA) by the carbon-halide degrading HLD enzyme resulting in the release of a halogen, a proton and a primary alcohol. The halocarbon concentration was optically transduced by the pH transducer layer as a result of protonation reaction of the chromoionophore pH indicator dye embedded in the underneath layer. The resulting colour change of the protonated chromoionophore was measured by fiber optic reflectance spectrophotometry method. Under optimized conditions the detection limit of the proposed reflectance-based enzymatic biosensor membrane was estimated to be 1 mg L−1 with a wide dynamic linear concentration range of 5–60 mg L−1 DCA (R2 = 0.9792) and satisfactory reproducibility within the relative standard deviation (RSD) range of 3.4–4.3%. Validation test demonstrated that the optical halocarbon biosensor could be a promising tool for rapid (6 min) in situ and direct evaluation of organohalide in river water, tap water and bottled water samples without any sample pre-treatment or extraction steps.

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