One-step synthesis of titanium oxide nanocrystal-rutile by hydrothermal method

Evyan Yang Chia Yan, Sarani Zakaria, Chin Hua Chia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pure rutile phase titanium oxides (TiO 2 ) nanocrystals were synthesized via hydrothermal method with titanium tetrachloride (TiCl 4 ) and water (H 2 O) treated in an autoclave. The particle size and phase assemblages were characterized using Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) respectively. Band gap energy (E g ) of the nanocrystals was estimated from the Ultra violet - visible light (UV-vis) absorption spectra. It was demonstrated that TiO 2 nanocrystals can be prepared through increasing of temperature and period of treatment. It is believed that the presence of acid chloride (HCl) as by-product during the hydrolysis played an important role in controlling the growth of morphology and crystal structures. The E g of the samples were estimated from the plot of modified Kubelka-Munk function were in the range of 3.04 - 3.26eV for the samples synthesized at temperature ranging from 50 to 200°C for 16 hours.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium
EditorsZahari Ibrahim, Haja Maideen Kader Maideen, Nazlina Ibrahim, Nurul Huda Abd Karim, Taufik Yusof, Fatimah Abdul Razak, Nurulkamal Maseran, Rozida Mohd Khalid, Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim, Hasidah Mohd. Sidek, Mohd Salmi Md Noorani, Norbert Simon
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages122-128
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780735412507
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 9 Apr 201411 Apr 2014

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1614
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period9/4/1411/4/14

Fingerprint

titanium oxides
rutile
nanocrystals
synthesis
tetrachlorides
autoclaves
electromagnetic absorption
hydrolysis
titanium
plots
chlorides
absorption spectra
acids
scanning electron microscopy
crystal structure
temperature
diffraction
water
x rays

Keywords

  • Acid chloride (HCL)
  • Band gap energy
  • Hydrothermal
  • Rutile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Yan, E. Y. C., Zakaria, S., & Chia, C. H. (2014). One-step synthesis of titanium oxide nanocrystal-rutile by hydrothermal method. In Z. Ibrahim, H. M. K. Maideen, N. Ibrahim, N. H. A. Karim, T. Yusof, F. A. Razak, N. Maseran, R. M. Khalid, N. B. Ibrahim, H. M. Sidek, M. S. M. Noorani, ... N. Simon (Eds.), 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium (pp. 122-128). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1614). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895183

One-step synthesis of titanium oxide nanocrystal-rutile by hydrothermal method. / Yan, Evyan Yang Chia; Zakaria, Sarani; Chia, Chin Hua.

2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. ed. / Zahari Ibrahim; Haja Maideen Kader Maideen; Nazlina Ibrahim; Nurul Huda Abd Karim; Taufik Yusof; Fatimah Abdul Razak; Nurulkamal Maseran; Rozida Mohd Khalid; Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim; Hasidah Mohd. Sidek; Mohd Salmi Md Noorani; Norbert Simon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 122-128 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1614).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yan, EYC, Zakaria, S & Chia, CH 2014, One-step synthesis of titanium oxide nanocrystal-rutile by hydrothermal method. in Z Ibrahim, HMK Maideen, N Ibrahim, NHA Karim, T Yusof, FA Razak, N Maseran, RM Khalid, NB Ibrahim, HM Sidek, MSM Noorani & N Simon (eds), 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1614, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 122-128, 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014, Selangor, Malaysia, 9/4/14. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895183
Yan EYC, Zakaria S, Chia CH. One-step synthesis of titanium oxide nanocrystal-rutile by hydrothermal method. In Ibrahim Z, Maideen HMK, Ibrahim N, Karim NHA, Yusof T, Razak FA, Maseran N, Khalid RM, Ibrahim NB, Sidek HM, Noorani MSM, Simon N, editors, 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 122-128. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895183
Yan, Evyan Yang Chia ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Chia, Chin Hua. / One-step synthesis of titanium oxide nanocrystal-rutile by hydrothermal method. 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. editor / Zahari Ibrahim ; Haja Maideen Kader Maideen ; Nazlina Ibrahim ; Nurul Huda Abd Karim ; Taufik Yusof ; Fatimah Abdul Razak ; Nurulkamal Maseran ; Rozida Mohd Khalid ; Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim ; Hasidah Mohd. Sidek ; Mohd Salmi Md Noorani ; Norbert Simon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 122-128 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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