One-step size-controlled synthesis of functional graphene oxide/silver nanocomposites at room temperature

S. Vijay Kumar, N. M. Huang, H. N. Lim, A. R. Marlinda, I. Harrison, Chin Hua Chia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A stable aqueous suspension of functional graphene oxide/silver nanocomposite (FGO/Ag) was prepared in an alkaline medium by a simple room temperature stirring method. Functional graphene oxide (FGO) served as substrate, reducing agent and stabilizer for the silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs). The pH of the solution played a prominent role in the formation of the Ag-NPs. The morphology of the nanoparticles (NPs) could be controlled by adjusting the pH between 9.51 and 12.62 by adding NaOH solution. The aqueous stability of the nanocomposites was greatly improved by the attached functional groups. UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) images suggested the formation of spherical, Ag-NPs with a narrow size distribution at pH 11.40. The nanocomposites showed high bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli bacteria and also enhancement in Raman intensity due to surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), which was found to be dependent on the size distribution of the Ag-NPs. This work provides a simple, scalable and environmentally friendly approach to the preparation of a FGO/Ag nanocomposite with promising antibacterial and SERS properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Silver oxides
Graphite
Graphene
silver
Nanocomposites
oxide
Nanoparticles
Oxides
temperature
Temperature
Raman scattering
scattering
Stabilizers (agents)
Reducing Agents
Reducing agents
Silver
Field emission
Escherichia coli
Functional groups
functional group

Keywords

  • Functionalization
  • Graphene oxide
  • Nanocomposites
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

One-step size-controlled synthesis of functional graphene oxide/silver nanocomposites at room temperature. / Vijay Kumar, S.; Huang, N. M.; Lim, H. N.; Marlinda, A. R.; Harrison, I.; Chia, Chin Hua.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 219, 01.03.2013, p. 217-224.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vijay Kumar, S. ; Huang, N. M. ; Lim, H. N. ; Marlinda, A. R. ; Harrison, I. ; Chia, Chin Hua. / One-step size-controlled synthesis of functional graphene oxide/silver nanocomposites at room temperature. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 219. pp. 217-224.
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