One-pot furfural production using choline chloride-dicarboxylic acid based deep eutectic solvents under mild conditions

Cornelius Basil Tien Loong Lee, Ta Yeong Wu, Chow Hung Ting, Ju Kheng Tan, Lee Fong Siow, Chin Kui Cheng, Jamaliah Md Jahim, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performances of various anhydrous and aqueous choline chloride-dicarboxylic acid based deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were evaluated for furfural production from oil palm fronds without any additional catalyst. The effects of different carbon chain length dicarboxylic acids and water content in each DES on furfural production were investigated. Oil palm fronds, DES and water (0–5 ml) were mixed and reacted in an oil bath (60–300 min). Reacted oil palm fronds had the potential to be reused as cellulose-rich-valuable by-products. At 100 °C, aqueous choline chloride-oxalic acid (16.4 wt% H 2 O) produced the highest furfural yield of 26.34% and cellulose composition up to 72.79% in the reacted oil palm fronds. Despite operating at suitable reaction duration for dicarboxylic acid with longer carbon chain length, aqueous choline chloride-malonic acid and aqueous choline chloride-succinic acid performed poorly with furfural yield of less than 1%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-489
Number of pages4
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume278
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Furaldehyde
Furfural
Dicarboxylic Acids
Palm oil
Choline
Eutectics
chloride
Acids
oil
acid
Chain length
Cellulose
Carbon
cellulose
Oxalic Acid
Succinic Acid
Oxalic acid
Water content
oxalic acid
carbon

Keywords

  • Biorefinery
  • Malonic acid
  • Oil palm fronds
  • Oxalic acid
  • Succinic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

One-pot furfural production using choline chloride-dicarboxylic acid based deep eutectic solvents under mild conditions. / Lee, Cornelius Basil Tien Loong; Wu, Ta Yeong; Ting, Chow Hung; Tan, Ju Kheng; Siow, Lee Fong; Cheng, Chin Kui; Md Jahim, Jamaliah; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 278, 01.04.2019, p. 486-489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Cornelius Basil Tien Loong ; Wu, Ta Yeong ; Ting, Chow Hung ; Tan, Ju Kheng ; Siow, Lee Fong ; Cheng, Chin Kui ; Md Jahim, Jamaliah ; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab. / One-pot furfural production using choline chloride-dicarboxylic acid based deep eutectic solvents under mild conditions. In: Bioresource Technology. 2019 ; Vol. 278. pp. 486-489.
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