Ocular morbidity among preschool children in urban area of Chittagong in Bangladesh

Mezbah Uddin, Rokiah Omar, Victor Feizal, Khurshid Alam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: To determine the pattern of ocular morbidity among preschool children at urban area of Chittagong. METHODS: A random cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of ocular morbidity among preschool children in the urban area of Chittagong. Preschool children aged 4 to 6 years old in all 60 preschools were registered, interviewed and their eyes examined. All the data obtained was analyzed according to the sex, age, and causes of visual impairment and type of ocular diseases. RESULTS: A total of 900 preschool children from 60 preschools were examined where boys were (52.6%) more than girls (47.4%). The age range of students varied from 4 to 6 years. The mean and median ages were 5.47±0.64. About 16.89% ocular morbidity was found among preschool going children and of these abnormalities 7.66% of children have Refractive error followed by Conjunctivitis 3.66%, Blepharitis 2.77%, Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction (NDO) 1.66%, Infective conjunctivitis was 0.88%, Stye 0.33%, Chalazion 0.44%. Amblyopia was present in 1.11%, Strabismus in 0.77%, Development Cataract 0.11%, and Corneal Opacity in 0.33% cases which was a matter of concern. CONCLUSION: Ocular morbidity among preschool children can be easily identified by ongoing eye screening programs and if treated timely to reduce the prevalence of ocular diereses and visual impairment. The present study shows uncorrected refractive errors as the main cause of visual disability in preschool children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Eye Science
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Bangladesh
Preschool Children
Morbidity
Conjunctivitis
Refractive Errors
Vision Disorders
Hordeolum
Chalazion
Blepharitis
Nasolacrimal Duct
Corneal Opacity
Amblyopia
Eye Diseases
Strabismus
Cataract
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students

Keywords

  • Eye screening
  • Ocular disorders
  • Preschool children
  • Refractive errors
  • Visual acuity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Ocular morbidity among preschool children in urban area of Chittagong in Bangladesh. / Uddin, Mezbah; Omar, Rokiah; Feizal, Victor; Alam, Khurshid.

In: International Eye Science, Vol. 17, No. 1, 08.01.2017, p. 16-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uddin, Mezbah ; Omar, Rokiah ; Feizal, Victor ; Alam, Khurshid. / Ocular morbidity among preschool children in urban area of Chittagong in Bangladesh. In: International Eye Science. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 16-20.
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