Occupational determinants of leptospirosis among urban service workers

Azman Atil, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim, Mohd Rohaizat Hassan, Khamisah Awang Lukman, Kamruddin Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the risk factors of leptospirosis infection among local urban service workers in Sabah. This is a cross‐sectional study involving 394 workers in Kota Kinabalu City, Sabah, conducted from February to March 2017. Information on demography, occupational exposures and environmental factors was obtained by a modified validated questionnaire. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was used to determine the prevalence of positive leptospirae. The overall figure for positive leptospirae was 9.4% (95% CI: 6.8–12.8). Urban sweepers and lorry drivers made up the highest proportion of positive leptospirae respondents, contributing 15.5% and 9.4%, respectively. The significant risk factors for positive leptospirae were older age (p‐value = 0.001), higher monthly salary (p‐value = 0.039), longer duration of employment (p‐value = 0.011) and working as an urban sweeper (p‐value = 0.021). Leptospirae was prevalent among healthy urban service workers and relates to their working activities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number427
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Leptospira
Leptospirosis
Malaysia
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Occupational Exposure
Demography
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Infection

Keywords

  • Leptospirosis
  • Occupational determinants
  • Urban services
  • Workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Occupational determinants of leptospirosis among urban service workers. / Atil, Azman; Jeffree, Mohammad Saffree; Rahim, Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul; Hassan, Mohd Rohaizat; Lukman, Khamisah Awang; Ahmed, Kamruddin.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 17, No. 2, 427, 02.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Atil, Azman ; Jeffree, Mohammad Saffree ; Rahim, Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul ; Hassan, Mohd Rohaizat ; Lukman, Khamisah Awang ; Ahmed, Kamruddin. / Occupational determinants of leptospirosis among urban service workers. In: International journal of environmental research and public health. 2020 ; Vol. 17, No. 2.
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