Nutritional values and amino acid profles of clinacanthus nutans (Belalai Gajah/ Sabah Snake Grass) from Two Farms in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the content of moisture, ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fbre, total sugar and amino acid profle for the medicinal herb Clinacanthus nutans. Three-month-old Sabah Snake Grass/Belalai Gajah (C. nutans) was collected from You Dun Chao Herb Farm (YDC) and Yik Poh Ling Herb Farm (YPL) in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. All the experiments were conducted in triplicate. Total crude fbre was found significantly higher in the stem samples. A comparison of non-shaded and shaded samples from YDC revealed higher (p<0.05) moisture, protein, ash, total crude fbre and total sugar content in the shaded samples for both leaves and the stem. Total fat was higher (p<0.05) in the shaded leaves than in the non-shaded leaves but it was the opposite for the stem. In comparing non-shaded samples from the two different farms for moisture, protein, ash, fat and total sugar content, the YPL leaves and stems showed significantly higher amounts than the YDC samples. The leaves of C. nutans contained more amounts of all essential and non-essential amino acids than the stem. Aspartic acid exhibited significantly higher amounts in both leaves (3.48, 1.08 and 2.13% of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) and stem (2.17, 0.95 and 1.96% of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) than the other amino acids. Geographical factors and planting conditions revealed different nutritive composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-652
Number of pages14
JournalPertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science
Volume40
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Borneo
Malaysia
nutritive value
farms
amino acids
stems
sampling
leaves
sugar content
herbs
lipids
Natrix natrix
Clinacanthus nutans
proteins
sugar acids
aspartic acid
medicinal plants
planting
carbohydrates
water content

Keywords

  • Clinacanthus nutans
  • Malaysia
  • Nutritive value
  • Sabah snake grass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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title = "Nutritional values and amino acid profles of clinacanthus nutans (Belalai Gajah/ Sabah Snake Grass) from Two Farms in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia",
abstract = "The objective of the study was to determine the content of moisture, ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fbre, total sugar and amino acid profle for the medicinal herb Clinacanthus nutans. Three-month-old Sabah Snake Grass/Belalai Gajah (C. nutans) was collected from You Dun Chao Herb Farm (YDC) and Yik Poh Ling Herb Farm (YPL) in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. All the experiments were conducted in triplicate. Total crude fbre was found significantly higher in the stem samples. A comparison of non-shaded and shaded samples from YDC revealed higher (p<0.05) moisture, protein, ash, total crude fbre and total sugar content in the shaded samples for both leaves and the stem. Total fat was higher (p<0.05) in the shaded leaves than in the non-shaded leaves but it was the opposite for the stem. In comparing non-shaded samples from the two different farms for moisture, protein, ash, fat and total sugar content, the YPL leaves and stems showed significantly higher amounts than the YDC samples. The leaves of C. nutans contained more amounts of all essential and non-essential amino acids than the stem. Aspartic acid exhibited significantly higher amounts in both leaves (3.48, 1.08 and 2.13{\%} of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) and stem (2.17, 0.95 and 1.96{\%} of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) than the other amino acids. Geographical factors and planting conditions revealed different nutritive composition.",
keywords = "Clinacanthus nutans, Malaysia, Nutritive value, Sabah snake grass",
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T1 - Nutritional values and amino acid profles of clinacanthus nutans (Belalai Gajah/ Sabah Snake Grass) from Two Farms in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

AU - Kong, H. S.

AU - Abdullah Sani, Norrakiah

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N2 - The objective of the study was to determine the content of moisture, ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fbre, total sugar and amino acid profle for the medicinal herb Clinacanthus nutans. Three-month-old Sabah Snake Grass/Belalai Gajah (C. nutans) was collected from You Dun Chao Herb Farm (YDC) and Yik Poh Ling Herb Farm (YPL) in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. All the experiments were conducted in triplicate. Total crude fbre was found significantly higher in the stem samples. A comparison of non-shaded and shaded samples from YDC revealed higher (p<0.05) moisture, protein, ash, total crude fbre and total sugar content in the shaded samples for both leaves and the stem. Total fat was higher (p<0.05) in the shaded leaves than in the non-shaded leaves but it was the opposite for the stem. In comparing non-shaded samples from the two different farms for moisture, protein, ash, fat and total sugar content, the YPL leaves and stems showed significantly higher amounts than the YDC samples. The leaves of C. nutans contained more amounts of all essential and non-essential amino acids than the stem. Aspartic acid exhibited significantly higher amounts in both leaves (3.48, 1.08 and 2.13% of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) and stem (2.17, 0.95 and 1.96% of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) than the other amino acids. Geographical factors and planting conditions revealed different nutritive composition.

AB - The objective of the study was to determine the content of moisture, ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, crude fbre, total sugar and amino acid profle for the medicinal herb Clinacanthus nutans. Three-month-old Sabah Snake Grass/Belalai Gajah (C. nutans) was collected from You Dun Chao Herb Farm (YDC) and Yik Poh Ling Herb Farm (YPL) in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. All the experiments were conducted in triplicate. Total crude fbre was found significantly higher in the stem samples. A comparison of non-shaded and shaded samples from YDC revealed higher (p<0.05) moisture, protein, ash, total crude fbre and total sugar content in the shaded samples for both leaves and the stem. Total fat was higher (p<0.05) in the shaded leaves than in the non-shaded leaves but it was the opposite for the stem. In comparing non-shaded samples from the two different farms for moisture, protein, ash, fat and total sugar content, the YPL leaves and stems showed significantly higher amounts than the YDC samples. The leaves of C. nutans contained more amounts of all essential and non-essential amino acids than the stem. Aspartic acid exhibited significantly higher amounts in both leaves (3.48, 1.08 and 2.13% of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) and stem (2.17, 0.95 and 1.96% of dry weight sample for YPL, YDC non-shaded and shaded samples, respectively) than the other amino acids. Geographical factors and planting conditions revealed different nutritive composition.

KW - Clinacanthus nutans

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