Nutritional study of Kapparazii powderTM as a food ingredient

Sjamsiah, N. Ramli, Rusli Daik, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo, Z. Ajdari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kappaphycus alvarezii is one of the most important commercial sources of carrageenan. Red seaweeds are found in tropical areas, and K. alvarezii is famous for its high growth rate among other tropical red seaweeds. This study was conducted to produce Kapparazii powderTM, a product comprised of high amount of carrageenan with valuable nutrients from K. alvarezii found in Sabah, Malaysia. Spray drying and an environmentally friendly process without using chemicals were employed to produce Kapparazii powderTM. Physicochemical properties of Kapparazii powderTM such as proximate composition (moisture, protein, lipid, ash, and crude fiber), mineral content, heavy metals, vitamins, amino acid, color, viscosity, gel strength, swelling capacity, and water and oil holding capacity were evaluated. Kapparazii powderTM contained moisture (4.69 ± 0.03 %), protein (5.11 ± 0.02 %), lipid (1.00 ± 0.02 %), ash (14.52 ± 0.01 %), and crude fiber (0.93 ± 0.02 %). Color analysis of Kapparazii powderTM showed that lightness (L*) = 89.51 ± 0.02, redness (a*) = -1.27 ± 0.03, and yellowness (b*) = 5.49 ± 0.02. The value of viscosity, gel strength, swelling capacity, and water and oil holding capacity of the Kapparazii powderTM were 0.06 ± 0.00 Pa.s, 82.77 ± 3.66 gf, 100 ± 0.00 mL.g-1, 4.67 ± 0.58 g.g-1, and 5.11 ± 0.36 g.g-1, respectively. Moreover, Kapparazii powderTM did not inhibit proliferation of L929 cells after 24 h of exposure at the highest concentration (2 mg.mL-1). In conclusion, the Kapparazii powderTM as a source of high nutrient hydrocolloid suggested on the point of healthy ingredient for food industry application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Phycology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2013

Fingerprint

Kappaphycus alvarezii
carrageenan
seaweed
swelling
ash
ingredients
viscosity
gel
gel strength
lipid
moisture
crude fiber
protein
macroalgae
food
food industry
nutrient
oil
physicochemical property
vitamin

Keywords

  • Kappaphycus alvarezii
  • Nutritional content
  • Physicochemical properties
  • Red seaweed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Nutritional study of Kapparazii powderTM as a food ingredient. / Sjamsiah; Ramli, N.; Daik, Rusli; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar; Ajdari, Z.

In: Journal of Applied Phycology, 2013, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Nutritional study of Kapparazii powderTM as a food ingredient",
abstract = "Kappaphycus alvarezii is one of the most important commercial sources of carrageenan. Red seaweeds are found in tropical areas, and K. alvarezii is famous for its high growth rate among other tropical red seaweeds. This study was conducted to produce Kapparazii powderTM, a product comprised of high amount of carrageenan with valuable nutrients from K. alvarezii found in Sabah, Malaysia. Spray drying and an environmentally friendly process without using chemicals were employed to produce Kapparazii powderTM. Physicochemical properties of Kapparazii powderTM such as proximate composition (moisture, protein, lipid, ash, and crude fiber), mineral content, heavy metals, vitamins, amino acid, color, viscosity, gel strength, swelling capacity, and water and oil holding capacity were evaluated. Kapparazii powderTM contained moisture (4.69 ± 0.03 {\%}), protein (5.11 ± 0.02 {\%}), lipid (1.00 ± 0.02 {\%}), ash (14.52 ± 0.01 {\%}), and crude fiber (0.93 ± 0.02 {\%}). Color analysis of Kapparazii powderTM showed that lightness (L*) = 89.51 ± 0.02, redness (a*) = -1.27 ± 0.03, and yellowness (b*) = 5.49 ± 0.02. The value of viscosity, gel strength, swelling capacity, and water and oil holding capacity of the Kapparazii powderTM were 0.06 ± 0.00 Pa.s, 82.77 ± 3.66 gf, 100 ± 0.00 mL.g-1, 4.67 ± 0.58 g.g-1, and 5.11 ± 0.36 g.g-1, respectively. Moreover, Kapparazii powderTM did not inhibit proliferation of L929 cells after 24 h of exposure at the highest concentration (2 mg.mL-1). In conclusion, the Kapparazii powderTM as a source of high nutrient hydrocolloid suggested on the point of healthy ingredient for food industry application.",
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AB - Kappaphycus alvarezii is one of the most important commercial sources of carrageenan. Red seaweeds are found in tropical areas, and K. alvarezii is famous for its high growth rate among other tropical red seaweeds. This study was conducted to produce Kapparazii powderTM, a product comprised of high amount of carrageenan with valuable nutrients from K. alvarezii found in Sabah, Malaysia. Spray drying and an environmentally friendly process without using chemicals were employed to produce Kapparazii powderTM. Physicochemical properties of Kapparazii powderTM such as proximate composition (moisture, protein, lipid, ash, and crude fiber), mineral content, heavy metals, vitamins, amino acid, color, viscosity, gel strength, swelling capacity, and water and oil holding capacity were evaluated. Kapparazii powderTM contained moisture (4.69 ± 0.03 %), protein (5.11 ± 0.02 %), lipid (1.00 ± 0.02 %), ash (14.52 ± 0.01 %), and crude fiber (0.93 ± 0.02 %). Color analysis of Kapparazii powderTM showed that lightness (L*) = 89.51 ± 0.02, redness (a*) = -1.27 ± 0.03, and yellowness (b*) = 5.49 ± 0.02. The value of viscosity, gel strength, swelling capacity, and water and oil holding capacity of the Kapparazii powderTM were 0.06 ± 0.00 Pa.s, 82.77 ± 3.66 gf, 100 ± 0.00 mL.g-1, 4.67 ± 0.58 g.g-1, and 5.11 ± 0.36 g.g-1, respectively. Moreover, Kapparazii powderTM did not inhibit proliferation of L929 cells after 24 h of exposure at the highest concentration (2 mg.mL-1). In conclusion, the Kapparazii powderTM as a source of high nutrient hydrocolloid suggested on the point of healthy ingredient for food industry application.

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