Nutritional status of children below five years in Malaysia: Anthropometric Analyses from the Third National Health and Morbidity survey III (NHMS, 2006)

G. L. Khor, M. N. Noor Safiza, A. B. Jamalludin, H. Jamaiyah, A. Geeta, C. C. Kee, Rahmah Rasat, F. N. Alan Wong, Suzana Shahar, A. Z. Ahmad, Ruzita Abd. Talib, F. Y. Ahmad

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Abstract

The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) was conducted in 2006 on a nationally representative sample of population in Malaysia. Over 21,000 children aged 0-17.9 years were measured for body weight and stature according to the protocol of the World Health Organization. This article describes the nutritional status of children aged 0-59.9 months. Mean z score for weightfor-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age were compared with the z-scores tables of the WHO standards. The overall prevalence of underweight and stunting of the children were 12.9% and 17.2% respectively. These levels included 2.4% severe underweight and 6.0% severe stunting. In terms of z scores, the age group of 0-5.9 months showed the best nutritional status with mean WAZ of-0.33 (95%CI:-0.52, 0.15) and-0.40 (-0.57, 0.24) for boys and girls respectively, while mean HAZ was 0.64 (0.38, 0.89) for boys and 0.76 (0.54, 0.98) for girls. Mean HAZ and WAZ status was least satisfactory after about 6 months, suggesting a faltering in growth rate at an age that coincides with dependence on complementary feeding. Prevalence of overweight based on BMI-for-age for the sexes combined was 6.4%, while that based on WAZ was 3.4%. The NHMS III results indicate that Malaysian children have better nutritional status compared to children under 5 years in neighbouring countries. In order to meet the targets set in the National Plan of Nutrition (2006-2015), more effective intervention programmes are needed to accelerate the reduction of underweight and stunting, and to arrest the rise of overweight in young children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-136
Number of pages16
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Health Surveys
Nutritional Status
morbidity
nutritional status
Growth Disorders
Morbidity
underweight
Thinness
growth retardation
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
World Health Organization
Age Groups
Body Weight
nutrition
body weight
gender
Growth
Population

Keywords

  • Children below 5 years
  • Nutritional status
  • Third NHMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Science

Cite this

Khor, G. L., Noor Safiza, M. N., Jamalludin, A. B., Jamaiyah, H., Geeta, A., Kee, C. C., ... Ahmad, F. Y. (2009). Nutritional status of children below five years in Malaysia: Anthropometric Analyses from the Third National Health and Morbidity survey III (NHMS, 2006). Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 15(2), 121-136.

Nutritional status of children below five years in Malaysia : Anthropometric Analyses from the Third National Health and Morbidity survey III (NHMS, 2006). / Khor, G. L.; Noor Safiza, M. N.; Jamalludin, A. B.; Jamaiyah, H.; Geeta, A.; Kee, C. C.; Rasat, Rahmah; Alan Wong, F. N.; Shahar, Suzana; Ahmad, A. Z.; Abd. Talib, Ruzita; Ahmad, F. Y.

In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2009, p. 121-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khor, GL, Noor Safiza, MN, Jamalludin, AB, Jamaiyah, H, Geeta, A, Kee, CC, Rasat, R, Alan Wong, FN, Shahar, S, Ahmad, AZ, Abd. Talib, R & Ahmad, FY 2009, 'Nutritional status of children below five years in Malaysia: Anthropometric Analyses from the Third National Health and Morbidity survey III (NHMS, 2006)', Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 121-136.
Khor, G. L. ; Noor Safiza, M. N. ; Jamalludin, A. B. ; Jamaiyah, H. ; Geeta, A. ; Kee, C. C. ; Rasat, Rahmah ; Alan Wong, F. N. ; Shahar, Suzana ; Ahmad, A. Z. ; Abd. Talib, Ruzita ; Ahmad, F. Y. / Nutritional status of children below five years in Malaysia : Anthropometric Analyses from the Third National Health and Morbidity survey III (NHMS, 2006). In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition. 2009 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 121-136.
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abstract = "The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) was conducted in 2006 on a nationally representative sample of population in Malaysia. Over 21,000 children aged 0-17.9 years were measured for body weight and stature according to the protocol of the World Health Organization. This article describes the nutritional status of children aged 0-59.9 months. Mean z score for weightfor-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age were compared with the z-scores tables of the WHO standards. The overall prevalence of underweight and stunting of the children were 12.9{\%} and 17.2{\%} respectively. These levels included 2.4{\%} severe underweight and 6.0{\%} severe stunting. In terms of z scores, the age group of 0-5.9 months showed the best nutritional status with mean WAZ of-0.33 (95{\%}CI:-0.52, 0.15) and-0.40 (-0.57, 0.24) for boys and girls respectively, while mean HAZ was 0.64 (0.38, 0.89) for boys and 0.76 (0.54, 0.98) for girls. Mean HAZ and WAZ status was least satisfactory after about 6 months, suggesting a faltering in growth rate at an age that coincides with dependence on complementary feeding. Prevalence of overweight based on BMI-for-age for the sexes combined was 6.4{\%}, while that based on WAZ was 3.4{\%}. The NHMS III results indicate that Malaysian children have better nutritional status compared to children under 5 years in neighbouring countries. In order to meet the targets set in the National Plan of Nutrition (2006-2015), more effective intervention programmes are needed to accelerate the reduction of underweight and stunting, and to arrest the rise of overweight in young children.",
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AU - Jamalludin, A. B.

AU - Jamaiyah, H.

AU - Geeta, A.

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AU - Abd. Talib, Ruzita

AU - Ahmad, F. Y.

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N2 - The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) was conducted in 2006 on a nationally representative sample of population in Malaysia. Over 21,000 children aged 0-17.9 years were measured for body weight and stature according to the protocol of the World Health Organization. This article describes the nutritional status of children aged 0-59.9 months. Mean z score for weightfor-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age were compared with the z-scores tables of the WHO standards. The overall prevalence of underweight and stunting of the children were 12.9% and 17.2% respectively. These levels included 2.4% severe underweight and 6.0% severe stunting. In terms of z scores, the age group of 0-5.9 months showed the best nutritional status with mean WAZ of-0.33 (95%CI:-0.52, 0.15) and-0.40 (-0.57, 0.24) for boys and girls respectively, while mean HAZ was 0.64 (0.38, 0.89) for boys and 0.76 (0.54, 0.98) for girls. Mean HAZ and WAZ status was least satisfactory after about 6 months, suggesting a faltering in growth rate at an age that coincides with dependence on complementary feeding. Prevalence of overweight based on BMI-for-age for the sexes combined was 6.4%, while that based on WAZ was 3.4%. The NHMS III results indicate that Malaysian children have better nutritional status compared to children under 5 years in neighbouring countries. In order to meet the targets set in the National Plan of Nutrition (2006-2015), more effective intervention programmes are needed to accelerate the reduction of underweight and stunting, and to arrest the rise of overweight in young children.

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